Gary M. Prior/Getty ImagesUnlike boxing, wherein athletes deserve to only strike with their fists and only over the belt, the UFC"s rules enable competitors to usage punches, kicks, elbows, knee strikes, takedowns and also submissions to win a contest.

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"I"ve to be to everything. I"ve to be to the NBA finals. I"ve gone to a super Bowl. I"ve unable to do to big playoff games, and also I"ve been to large fights here in ras Vegas. Ns don"t think any kind of other sporting occasion stacks up to it." What sports tops basketball, football and boxing? follow to its president, Dana White, it"s the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC).

The UFC receipt itself together the premier Mixed Martial art (MMA) organization, but its background is filled v highs, lows and also controversy. After virtually folding in the late 1990s, the UFC changed itself and also attracted brand-new legions that fans.

The UFC organizes, promotes and also hosts MMA events, which feature several bouts. Each bout is a fight between two various competitors. Prefer boxing, the fights are split into rounds and are under the supervision that a referee, back MMA occasions are more complex than a typical boxing match.

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Standard UFC bouts have a limit of three rounds (championship boutshave a border of five), with 5 minutes to a round. Fighters acquire aone-minute break between rounds. Unequal boxing, whereby athletes can only strike with their fists and also only above the belt, the UFC"s rules permit competitors to usage punches, kicks, elbows, knee strikes, takedowns and also submissions to success a contest. Battle aircraft are allowed to to win each other both over and below the belt (with a few restrictions). Early in its history the UFC claimed that its occasions featured no-holds-barred (NHB) fighting, however this is a misnomer. Also the earliest UFC fights had actually rules that all athletes were meant to follow. These included:

No gougingNo fish hooking (using your fingers to "hook" one opponent"s mouth)No strikes come the groin

Thank You
Thanks come UFC chairman Dana White because that his aid with this article.

The Nevada State athletic Commission, i beg your pardon regulates every boxing andmartial art exhibitions in the state of Nevada, identifies 31 fouls.Athletes who commit fouls deserve to be penalized or even disqualified. Notall fouls are directly related to physical violence -- for example, youcommit a foul if you host on come the fence, usage abusive language whileinside the ring, fake an injury or drop her mouthpiece on objective todelay the fight. A complete list the the fouls deserve to be discovered on the UFC internet site.

In addition, the UFC adheres to the Nevada State strong Commission"sdrug policy, which expressly forbids the usage of recreational or performance-enhancing drugs.Fighters that test confident for drugs prior to a bout are not enabled tofight and may face additional disciplinary action. If a fighter winsand the is later established that he used drugs, the board of directors maychange the an outcome of the fight to a no contest.

In the next section, we"ll look in ~ the basics of the UFC, and learn where fights take place.

For an ext common questions and also expert answers on sports and athletic performance, visit Sharecare.com.


Fights in the UFC don"t take place inside a ring -- lock take place inside the Octagon. Together you probably have actually guessed from its name, the Octagon is an eight-sided octagonal mat and also cage. Its walls room made the fencing material, with padding extending all the edges and also corners, and it"s 30 feet across. The mat is make of canvas, which is tradition painted because that each event and then never ever used again. Two gateways lead right into the Octagon, and they"re secured shut at the start of every round.

When a fight is in progress, just the referee and the 2 fighters are allowed inside. In between rounds, officials open the gates to allow a fighter"s corner men come enter. Corner men can provide their corresponding fighters strategic advice and aid stop cuts and also scrapes native bleeding.

Competitors space not enabled to go outside the Octagon during a bout, nor room they enabled to shot and throw their adversaries over the side of the cage (you might laugh, but UFC legend Tank Abbott once appeared to shot and throw Carl Worsham over the fence in a UFC bout).

Why does the UFC usage an octagonal mat in the very first place? according to Dana White, there are number of reasons. The original UFC occasion was conceived together a means to match styles against each other to find which was best. Various styles of fighting take place in different kinds of ring or mats -- for example, boxing is in a square and also wrestling is in a circle. The Octagon was designed to stop giving any type of one martial arts technique an advantage. Due to the fact that the angles in one Octagon are broader than those for each edge of a boxing ring, there is little chance for a fighter to acquire stuck in a corner with no way out. The UFC bordered the Octagon with fencing so that fighters couldn"t autumn or gain thrown the end of the ring. The Octagon is a steady structure designed v the fighter"s security in mind, if still giving a great view for spectators.

The UFC has actually no officially ranking system, though each weight course does have its own champion. UFC president Dana White says that ranking systems often get in the method of placing together the ideal fights and invite corruption. Instead, the UFC counts on Joe Silva, evil president and matchmaker. Mr. Silva offers his very own system, evaluating the style and also records of battle aircraft to identify the most amazing fights. As soon as a fighter has proven self sufficiently, he have the right to earn himself a title shot against the reigning champion.

The UFC recognizes five weight classes:

Lightweight145 come 155 pounds
Welterweight155 to 170 pounds
Middleweight170 to 185 pounds
Light Heavyweight185 come 205 pounds
Heavyweight 205 to 265 pounds

Fighters only face opponents in their same weight class, yet they are cost-free to move up or down weight classes. Many fighters uncover that moving up in a weight course (gaining weight) means they sacrifice speed, while relocating down a weight class could mean shedding striking power.

In the next section, we"ll talk about the fighting techniques permitted in the UFC.

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Fighters" techniques deserve to be divide in three broad categories: striking, grappling and ground fighting. Let"s watch at each one in more detail.


Striking has punches, kicks, knee strikes and elbows. Often fighters will discover striking techniques from miscellaneous disciplines, native boxing come Muay Thai (a Thai style of boxing). The UFC needs all battle aircraft to undertake fingerless 4 to 6 oz gloves and no footwear. Due to the fact that the gloves room thin contrasted to boxing gloves (which sweet 8 come 10 ounces, depending upon the weight course of the boxer), fighters should be careful not to damage their very own hands once throwing punches.

There are constraints on where and also how a fighter might strike his opponent. Fighters can"t throw a knee strike or absent to the head that an foe on the ground, for example. They additionally can"t usage a downward strike with the point of their elbow or strike the earlier of their opponent"s head.

GrapplingSome battle aircraft spend more time working on grappling and also wrestling an abilities than striking. A fighter can attempt a takedown top top his opponent, meaning he forces his opponent to the ground. Friend can protect a takedown v a sprawl, wherein you usage balance and also leverage to remain standing. Takedowns have the right to be spectacular -- such as a slam or suplex -- or they deserve to be as simple as knocking someone off balance.

Good grapplers may also be professional in submissions. A fighter might submit as result of strikes or submission holds favor a guillotine choke. While plenty of submission holds room best applied when both fighters are on the ground, there room some that deserve to be used when standing.

Ground fighting


Unlike boxing -- or also most kickboxing matches -- in the UFC, fights proceed even if a fighter drops to the ground. Fighters have the right to throw strikes (sometimes referred to as ground and pound) or apply submission holds if on the ground. There are numerous ways come attack and also defend. Commonly one fighter will end up on optimal of the other fighter, and also you"re likely to hear terms prefer guard, half guard, side control and full mount. This terms describe the place of the fighters in relationship to every another. Because that example, if the Fighter A is ~ above bottom and has his foot on either next of Fighter B"s hips, Fighter B is stated to be inside Fighter A"s guard.

For a fighter to be successful in the UFC, he have to train in all three techniques extensively. While most fighters tend to emphasis on particular styles such as wrestling or striking, almost all of them have at least a basic working knowledge of other techniques.

In the next section, we"ll look at exactly how winners are determined in UFC matches.

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So you deserve to strike and grapple v your adversary in a UFC match, but how execute you in reality win?

You deserve to win by submission, suggested when your enemy either physically taps out or verbally submits. A fighter might submit if he is can not to defend effectively versus strikes or if that is captured in a painful organize such as an armbar or fishing eye lock. A fighter can also knock the end an opponent with a submission host such together a rear naked choke, where either his opponent"s air supply or blood circulation is reduced off. Unlike various other sports, submitting to your foe is taken into consideration an honorable method to shed a fight. In part competitive sporting activities you can see your career end if you to be to "give up," however not in the UFC.

You could also win by technical knockout (TKO). In a technical knockout, the referee stops the fight once he determines the a fighter is no much longer able to defend himself intelligently. Referees are responsible for determining a fighter"s status in rapidly changing and frequently chaotic conditions. Unequal boxing, there is no stand eight count. A technical knockout deserve to be declared whether a fighter is top top the ground or tho standing.


If a struggle goes the distance and also the critical round ends without a submission or knockout, the results are figured out by decision. A dashboard of three judges scores each round making use of a 10-point have to system, definition that as soon as a judge determines a fighter winner a round, that fighter receives 10 clues (barring any penalties due to fouls). His enemy receives a ripe or lower. Lower scores space usually the an outcome of penalties because that fouls, for being inactive or for being timid throughout a round. In ~ the end of the fight, each judge adds increase the scores offered to each fighter. If all 3 judges score the exact same fighter together the winner, that is dubbed a unanimous decision. If two judges score one fighter the winner, but the third judge scored the fight in donate of his opponent, it"s called a split decision. If 2 judges recognize that one fighter is the winner and the various other judge figured out the bout a draw, it"s dubbed a majority decision.

You could also win by technical decision, definition your foe is also injured come continue. If the referee identify your foe is violating the rules, you might win through disqualification. Finally, your foe may forfeit a match, giving you the win. Fighters might forfeit if they space suffering from an injury or illness.

Too scared to Fight?
Why is timidity taken into consideration a foul in blended martial arts? The Nevada State strong Commission converts timidity in MMA with a boxer "purposely going down without gift hit" . It"s considered an unsportsmanlike delaying tactic. Referees are motivated to action in once a fight"s speed slows, even going therefore far as to stand the two opponents up if they reach a dead end on the ground.

Fights can likewise end in a draw. A standard attract results when the 3 judges" scores because that both fighters are the exact same or cancel each various other out. If both fighters are too hurt to proceed the match, the referee can declare a technical draw. A referee have the right to declare a enhance as a no dispute if both fighters hurt the rules or if a fighter is unable to proceed due to an injury sustained as a result of a foul.

Because there space so many ways to win (or lose) a fight, bouts in the UFC have the right to be really exciting. A fight might seem to be a one-sided affair when both athletes are standing but fully change when the struggle goes come the ground. Simply when you think a match is over, a fighter deserve to turn the tables top top his adversary with a well-timed escape or through taking advantage of a an easy mistake.

Fights in the UFC are more complicated than boxing matches, and also so judges must take more into consideration when scoring a round. Castle look at how plenty of strikes battle aircraft land, even if it is a fighter manages to take under his opponent and the fighters" floor technique. If the bottom place in ground fighting is usually taken into consideration weaker 보다 the height position, some fighters can protect themselves so successfully that a judge might award the round to the fighter ~ above bottom. UFC president Dana White says, "There"s a lot of of dispute right now over judging. Gift a judge is really subjective . . . The key thing you need to judge, ring by round, is that did the many damage."

In the next section, we"ll look in ~ the controversial background of the UFC.

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Davie pitched the idea the a martial arts tournament to Semaphore glossesweb.com group (SEG). In this tournament, professionals in various martial arts techniques would face off versus one an additional to determine which style was best. Reportedly, it was an SEG employee named Michael Abramson who coined the surname "The ultimate Fighting Championship." on November 12, 1993, the SEG debuted the very first UFC event. Later, the event would be referred to as UFC 1.

The event was in a tournament style (most early on UFC occasions followed suit). The winner that a match moved increase in the tournament to face an additional opponent. Davie designated part fighters as alternates in case a fighter was unable to continue. The tournament featured masters in karate, kickboxing, boxing, jiu-jitsu and also even Sumo wrestling. Royce Gracie, Rorion"s younger brother, at some point won the competition after he captured Gerard Gordeau in a rear naked throttle in the final bout.

The occasion was a success, and also immediately SEG started to plan an ext tournaments. SEG chose to keep the can be fried Fighting Championship name and also would designate almost all future occasions by numbering them sequentially (UFC 2, UFC 3, et cetera).
Former UFC Champion Royce Gracie

Early UFC occasions were an extremely different from contemporary ones. There were no load classes -- a smaller fighter could find himself dealing with a Sumo wrestler. Load classes would be defined for the UFC 12 tournament (though they would certainly be refined several times). Fighters could wear clothing traditional to their fighting style (such together a gi because that jiu-jitsu). The UFC experimented with just how long rounds should last, and a couple of early events had no limit on how numerous rounds might be battled -- they wanted fights to last till a clear winner emerged.

The style versus style style faded away gradually. Most fights would finish up on the ground, and also many of the techniques represented in early on UFC events had no emphasis or maintain in ground fighting. Royce Gracie won three of the first four UFC tournaments and proved the a ground game was essential to be successful. Fighters started to adapt, widening their collection of styles to include elements of wrestling and submissions. Occasions featured fewer black color belt martial artists - the UFC quickly discovered a black color belt didn"t necessarily typical the wearer to be a great fighter.

In the early days, the UFC held occasions in states that didn"t have actually athletic commissions to protect against regulation. There to be no judges, either. Even after judges were added to events, there to be no clean parameters on how to referee a fight. Referees might not avoid a fight; their project was come make certain the few rules the did exist were enforced, and to witness any kind of submissions. Fortunately, the UFC provided referees the government to stop fights ~ the first few events.

Apart native UFC 9, i beg your pardon featured a series of single fights, all UFC events used the tournament layout until UFC 18. Native that suggest on, through the exemption of UFC 23, events featured single matches - battle aircraft no longer had to worry about multiple fights in one night.

Best struggle Ever?
When asked around his favorite fight, Dana White recommends the 2nd fight between Matt Hughes (welterweight champion at the time) and Frank Trigg at UFC 52. Two years earlier in their very first fight, Matt Hughes beat Trigg in the very first round with a rear naked choke. Once they met for their rematch, it looked favor Trigg to be going come avenge his loss. At an early stage in the fight, Trigg threw a kick the hit Hughes in the groin. The referee did not watch the foul and also the struggle continued. Together Hughes tried to recover, Trigg capitalized on the situation and pressed the attack.

As Mr. White explains it, "Frank Trigg gets on optimal of him, gets height position, and starts dropping punches down on Hughes. That looks choose the struggle is over - favor he might have knocked Hughes out. Hughes tries to revolve over, and Frank Trigg gets his back and starts choking him the end the same method Matt choked him out in the very first fight. Unbelievably, Matt Hughes gets out of the choke, scoops candid Trigg increase onto his shoulder, and also runs that the entire length the the Octagon and slams him down on the ground. I"m no kidding you, the roof exploded turn off this building."

Four minutes and also five seconds into round one, Hughes controlled to record Trigg in a rear naked choke and submit him for the victory, retaining his title.

According come Dana White, the development of the UFC to be haphazard since it was never meant come happen. "That display to be only claimed to be a one-off. Well, the did so well on pay-per-view they chose to execute another, and also another. Never ever in a million years did these guys think castle were developing a sport."

Gradually, the UFC introduced much more rules and restrictions, both together a method to appease critics and also to shape blended martial arts into a legit sport. Unfortunately, by now SEG was in trouble financially. Indigenous UFC 23 come UFC 29, SEG confronted the danger of bankruptcy. Together a result, SEG could not afford to release these occasions to home video.

Courting ControversyThe SEG supported early UFC events as brutal fights between martial arts experts. They claimed the fights were no stop barred, and also that every fights would end with a clear winner. In the end, castle said, the exceptional martial arts style would emerge. By trumpeting the fights as brutal exhibitions of force, they invite scrutiny native critics.

One such movie critic was United claims Senator john McCain. McCain, a boxing fan, believed UFC fights to be akin to "human cockfighting." that urged state governors and city federal governments to ban UFC events. Number of planned fights had to adjust venues in ~ the last minute when arenas called the UFC they were no longer enabled to hold their fights there.

For a long time, the UFC withstood taking measures to companion with state athletic commissions. Instead, SEG ongoing to encourage the UFC together a primal sport, which just invited more trouble. Some cable carriers refused to bring UFC pay-per-views. SEG"s alternatives became more and an ext limited. By the time the UFC adopted rules developed by the new Jersey Athletic manage Board, it was as well late for SEG to recover.

In the following section, we"ll look at at just how a new company had the ability to re-invent the ultimate Fighting Championship.


In 2000, SEG advocated UFC 29: Defense of the Belts. It was the critical UFC occasion SEG would certainly produce. The firm faced bankruptcy and also political pressure had crippled its ability to book and also promote shows. Two brothers, candid Fertitta III and Lorenzo Fertitta, formed Zuffa, llc (zuffa way "to fight" or "to scrap" in Italian) and also bought the UFC. Former amateur boxer and also fight promoter Dana White came to be president of the brand-new organization.

Lorenzo Fertitta to be a former member the the Nevada State athletic Commission, and soon the commission looked after UFC events. This gave the UFC some lot needed credibility, and also soon cable companies began to bring their pay-per-view events again.


In 2001, the first Zuffa-promoted UFC event, UFC 30: battle on the Boardwalk, premiered. UFC 30 saw not only the return to wider pay-per-view coverage, but additionally a go back to home video clip production. Because that event, Dana White has focused on increasing the popular of the UFC and also shedding its in the history brutal image. Mr. White is quick to allude out, "At the finish of the day, these males aren"t barbarians the method they were sold at an early stage on. These males are all great guys . . . Lock come in to complete to find out who"s the best fighter in the world."

The can be fried Fighter & Spike TVIn 2005, Spike TV aired the an initial season of a reality television series called "The can be fried Fighter." The show followed a group of UFC hopefuls as they competed for a contract through the organization. Fighters split into different training camps, and also at the finish of each illustration a member indigenous one team battled someone from the various other team. The winner would continue to be in the competition; the loser would certainly go home. The show significant the first time viewers can watch a UFC struggle on a cable station exterior of pay-per-view, and also it aided to educate views about the UFC. "The ultimate Fighter" is currently scheduled for at least two much more seasons.

In the following section, we"ll look in ~ the plans because that UFC"s future.



While the UFC has its headquarters in Nevada, the agency has recently started a campaign to organize fights in other states and also internationally. UFC events can already be viewed on television in 170 countries. Dana White"s goal is to bring live events to these countries to help build a grass roots fan base and build native of mouth support. The says, "When you take the live event somewhere and also you get 15,000 or 20,000 people to display up come the event and also those human being leave the event and go to occupational the following day, they speak to their relatives. They speak to your friends. That starts to spread...that entirety word of mouth point happens, and also it"s imperative for the growth of the business and also to take it global." UFC events are planned because that Europe, Japan, Canada and Mexico.

Today, fans deserve to see UFC bouts ~ above pay-per-view (about once a month), on "The can be fried Fighter" and special "Fight Night" occasions on Spike TV, ~ above DVD and at live events. Unfortunately, UFC occasions 23 with 29 are still not available commercially.

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