Follow these tips because that drilling succinct holes and screwing things right into brickwork and masonry walls
There are numerous reasons to drill a brick wall. Often because you want to screw something come the wall like a batten, molding, hook, clip or to hang a picture/clock or settle a flat screen TV come the wall for example.
You are watching: How to drill a hole in brick
Or you might need to drill a bigger hole in a brick wall surface for a cable, a pipe or a vent to pass v it.
There are dozens that different types of wall plugs and also anchors easily accessible depending top top how heavy the item you space screwing come the wall will be. Most will have actually a overview on the packaging to aid determine what is strong enough, if in doubt walk slightly more heavy duty rather than less..
Whatever dimension of feet you have to drill v brickwork or masonry and whether you have actually a hammer drill or desire to drill v brick without a hammer drill (sometimes that"s better anyway) I"ll explain every one of the do"s and don"ts therefore you get the job done right, easily and also safely.
Tools you could need relying on the size of the hole you desire to drill and what the hole is for:A pencil to note the position of the feet (masking ice can assist in some instances)A Drill (more in a moment on the best form of drill for holes in brick walls)A hammer Drill bits (more on the best varieties of drill bits for drilling brick below)Rawl plugs or anchors, if screwing something to the brickwork Screws and also screwdriver bits
Step 1: Make sure there space no pipes, cables or anything rather you could hit prior to drilling a hole in a brick wall
Never drill directly above or below a plug socket in situation there room cables.
Check there space no pipes together well, if unsure use a pipe & electric cable detector to it is in safe.
Step 2: select the appropriate drill little bit for drilling holes in brick walls
Masonry (brick-work) drill bits are really different to metal or timber drill bits
You can never use hardwood or metal drilling bits to drill holes in masonry, you must use particular masonry drill bits designed because that masonry.
Masonry bits are great for drilling bricks, Thermalite or concrete blocks, mortar (cement), concrete and also some tiles as well.
Masonry drill bits are available with a common round shank prefer in the snapshot to the best (I like Carbide tipped Dewalt stonework bits) that deserve to fit in a typical keyed or key-less drill chuck the most civilization would own.
If you have actually an SDS stonework hammer drill friend will require specially designed stonework drill bits for SDS chucks (Makita SDS drill bits are quite good).
Generally as soon as using stonework bits you will certainly drill through a hammer action although this isn"t constantly necessary and sometimes much better to avoid.
If the brick or block you space drilling is an especially brittle, utilizing a hammer action can actually just shatter & annihilate the material making it impossible to acquire a solid fixing into.
If you keep drilling holes however your Rawl plugs aren"t biting (the plugs rotate in the hole) then this may well it is in the reason. Try again without the hammer action on, a slightly smaller drill bit and also go much slower to see if that helps.
I won"t go any kind of further below as there is much much more information on selecting the best drill bits here so examine that web page out very first and come earlier if you require to.
Step 3: decide which is the ideal drill come drill a brick wall with
There are 4 main varieties of drill you might use to drill a brick wall with:Cordless Hammer-drill - a an effective battery it is provided hammer drill designed particularly for bigger holesMains powered hammer-drill - 240v or 110v power drill through rotary and also hammer actionsRotary hammer-drill - very powerful drill for huge core feet in masonry and also concrete
The best drill will count on the dimension of hole you should drill and also the density of the material. The bigger the hole, the more powerful a drill you will certainly need.
I uncover a battery hammer drill is sufficient for drilling a few 4-8mm holes and also a typical shank drill little is OK together well.
If I have a most holes to drill and also they are 6mm+ ns will use my 110v strength hammer drill v an SDS little which is a little bit heavier however much faster and much more efficient come drill multiple feet in brick work-related with.
I only use a rotary hammer drill for much bigger applications and an extremely rarely for carpentry itself.
Step 4: Choose the right size drill little bit for the feet or Rawl plugs
Unlike wood that is usually soft(ish), pliable and whereby periodically you don"t even need to drill a pilot hole before friend screw into it, masonry materials space too hard and also dense for that (there room some exception we"ll gain into later) and you"ll need to drill a brick feet first.
In many instances in order to screw something come a brickwork wall you will need to use Rawl plugs together well and therefore require to select the correct drill little for the rawl plug size you space using:
Colour coded by size, Rawl plugs come in; (Always twin check the packaging on your plugs)Yellow: Drill a 5mm hole and use screws 3.4mm-5mm in sizeRed: Drill a 6mm hole and use screws 3.5mm - 5mmBlue: Drill a 7mm hole and also use screws 10g - 14gBrown: Drill a 7mm hole and use screws 4-6mm
For general carpentry work, you will certainly most commonly use red and brown Rawl plugs with 6g - 18g screws that have actually Pozi-2 screw heads. You can buy assorted box of Rawl plugs.
It is really basic to boost the dimension of a hole in masonry with a larger drill bit. Therefore if in doubt drill a brick hole with a smaller sized drill bit first then increase if needed.
Step 5: exactly how to drill a brick wall surface step through step
Once you have significant the position of the hole and also have chosen the correct drill and drill bit, girlfriend are ready to get drilling right into the brick wall.
If the surface ar of the wall is smooth, to stop the drill bit from wandering you deserve to either use a hammer and also nail beat to whack a point into the plaster or brick work-related for the drill bit to find into, or start with a smaller drill bit an initial that is much easier to control.
If your drill has various speed settings, because that soft masonry use the slowest setup and don"t turn on the hammer action - rotating only.
If the material is very dense and hard, opt because that a quicker speed and turn ~ above the hammer activity as well.
Ideally you want to usage the slowest feasible speed that will acquire the task done
When girlfriend drill a brick wall with a masonry/hammer drill collection the clutch (torque) short so the it will kick in and also stop the drill. Adjust this higher as needed, however it is over there to prevent the drill rotate if the little bit gets jammed. Without it, civilization have damaged their wrists because the drill little bit gets stuck and also the drill keeps spinning..First, begin to drill a brick slowly and also don"t press too tough - let the drill and also drill little do the work. This is important because if the drill little gets too warm it will certainly burn and become dull (blunt).Once you have actually the feet started and it can"t wander off, pick up a little bit of speed and move the drill bit straight back and soon in order to clean the dust and also debris out of the feet so the flutes the the drill bit don"t acquire clogged up Once the desired depth is reached, again save the drill little spinning and move the drill backwards and also forwards to clear any kind of excess dust and also debris out of the hole the will avoid the plug going in and also gripping the wall surfaces of the cavityInsert the correct size Rawl plug right into the hole so the finishes flush through the wall surface (not disappearing inside)Repeat for each hole you have to drill in the brick wallOffer the timber up or whatever it is girlfriend are solving to the wall Insert the screw and also using a sluggish speed with a battery drill/driver tighten the screw till it bites The Rawl plug should broaden inside the masonry wall surface gripping the cavity and also you must feel the screw tightening together you go
Drilling reminder - Don"t drill the hole also deep!
Some drills have actually a depth protect against attachment you can set to stop the drill when you obtain to a particular depth.
You deserve to drill a feet in a brick wall surface to the correct depth for her plugs and also screws without a depth avoid by placing some masking tape on the masonry drill bit. Organize the rawl plug alongside the drill bit and also tape ring it 5-10mm longer than the plug.
If you avoid drilling as soon as the tape is reached, this will protect against the plug diving also deep into the hole and getting shed when you shot and screw into it.
If friend do occur to drill the hole too deep, you might need to put two Rawl plugs in prior to your screw will certainly grip within the hole.
Some Rawl plugs have anti-rotation "wings" to aid prevent spinning in the feet too and also therefore tight better.
When the holes gain bigger and the fixings should be more powerful as girlfriend are resolving something hefty to the wall, an ext heavy duty wall surface anchors are required instead.
Step 6: just how to drill a brick wall for larger holes and also fixings
When you need a strong fixing in brick work walls or concrete, heavy duty wall surface anchors work-related in a similar way but deserve to take lot heavier loads.
Examples can include addressing a TV to the wall or even a staircase. Typically for applications favor these ns will select a Fischer Fixings of part sort. Lock are available in miscellaneous lengths and also sizes to suit different applications and are seriously strong.
Drilling a hole in a brick wall surface for this fixings is the same as over but for larger holes ns am virtually always making use of my SDS hammer drill v SDS drill bits which is designed especially for this form of work. That is a heavy duty hammer action drill that deserve to far far better withstand the emphasize of big masonry and also brickwork holes.
You may need to usage a smaller sized drill bit originally to drill a pilot hole and also then move on come a larger one rather of do the efforts to bore the totality amount in one go.
Step 7: exactly how to drill huge holes in brick wall surfaces for things favor pipes & vents
To drill a brick for bigger holes still, you may need to consider a core bit. Similar to a hole-saw the you would use for timber, main point drills space diamond tipped tubular drill bits that cut round the edge of a hole rather than boring best through it. This way they reduced the the very least amount of product to obtain the feet drilled.
Core drills are an ext suitable because that drilling feet in masonry for pipes or large cables to pass through and are therefore an ext often supplied by plumbers and electricians.
Kits space available with the most common hole experienced sizes you"d have to drill a brick wall surface for pipe or cables.To use a main point drill because that drilling huge holes, always ensure the drill has the clutch collection low and that the side take care of is attached - and also that you room holding top top itFirst drill a pilot hole for the main point drills centering little with a normal masonry drill bit. This will ensure the drill is only powering the core little through the hole fairly than doing both. Girlfriend can also drill the from both political parties if possible to ensure you will come the end in the best spotAt first, use the slowest speed your drill has and also make sure the little bit is spinning prior to it touch the wallCarefully boring the hole and be really very closely to make sure the drill and bit stay straight. If the angle changes and also the bit "bites" in the hole instead of cut it will stop and shot to spin the drill rather (having the side handle gripped and also clutch set low will help prevent this native happening)
Click below for assist drilling into wood