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Home > about the Court > frequently Asked questions > basic Information

The president nominates someone for a vacancy ~ above the Court and the Senate votes to confirm the nominee, which calls for a an easy majority. In this way, both the Executive and also Legislative Branches that the federal federal government have a voice in the ingredient of the supreme Court.

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room there qualifications to be a Justice? do you have to be a lawyer or attend regulation school to it is in a supreme Court Justice?


The constitution does no specify qualifications because that Justices such as age, education, profession, or native-born citizenship. A Justice go not need to be a lawyer or a law school graduate, yet all Justices have been trained in the law. Many of the 18th and also 19th century justices studied law under a mentor because there were few law schools in the country.

The critical Justice to it is in appointed who did no attend any type of law school was James F. Byrnes (1941-1942). The did no graduate native high school and also taught self law, pass the bar in ~ the period of 23. Robert H. Jackson (1941-1954). While Jackson did no attend one undergraduate college, the did study law at Albany law School in new York. At the time of his graduation, Jackson to be only 20 years old and also one that the needs for a law degree was the students have to be twenty-one year old. Hence rather 보다 a law degree, Jackson to be awarded with a "diploma that graduation." Twenty-nine year later, Albany regulation School belatedly presented Jackson v a law degree noting his original graduating class of 1912.

Like the associate Justices, the chef Justice is appointed by the President and also confirmed by the Senate. Over there is no need that the chef Justice offer as an combine Justice, but 5 that the 17 chef Justices have served top top the Court together Associate judge prior to coming to be Chief Justice.

Three were members that the Court as soon as they to be elevated come Chief Justice:

Edward Douglas White (Associate justice 1894-1910, chef Justice 1910-1921) Harlan Fiske rock (Associate justice 1925-1941, cook Justice 1941-1946) william H. Rehnquist (Associate justice 1972-1986, cook Justice 1986-2005)

Two had a break in service between their durations of service:

man Rutledge (Associate righteousness 1789-1791, chief Justice 1795) Charles Evans Hughes (Associate justice 1910-1916, cook Justice 1930-1941)

The Constitution says that judge "shall organize their offices during great Behaviour." This means that the Justices hold office as long as lock choose and also can just be removed from office through impeachment.


The only Justice to it is in impeached was Associate righteousness Samuel follow in 1805. The house of representatives passed short articles of Impeachment versus him; however, he was acquitted by the Senate.


The Constitution locations the strength to recognize the variety of Justices in the hand of Congress. The very first Judiciary Act, pass in 1789, set the variety of Justices at six, one cook Justice and five Associates. End the years Congress has passed miscellaneous acts to change this number, fluctuating from a short of five to a high of ten. The Judiciary action of 1869 solved the variety of Justices at nine and also no subsequent readjust to the number of Justices has occurred.


The commonwealth circuit courts of appeals and district courts room organized right into 13 commonwealth circuits and also each justice is responsible for emergency applications and also other matters from one or an ext of these circuits. Because that example, separation, personal, instance Justices may be asked come halt the implementation the a circuit court order, collection bond because that a defendant, or avoid the deportation of one alien. Justices are likewise asked to act ~ above applications because that a continue to be of execution.


A quorum of 6 Justices is compelled to decision a case. Justices may likewise participate in a case by listening come audio recordings of the oral arguments and reading the transcripts.


The Court receives around 7,000-8,000 petitions for a writ the certiorari every Term. The Court grants and hears oral discussion in about 80 cases.


The very first meeting that the Court was booked to take ar in brand-new York City top top Monday, February 1, 1790, yet the absence of a quorum (only three of the six Justices were present) delay the main opening till the following day, Tuesday, February 2, 1790.


As stipulated by the Judiciary plot of 1789, there to be one chief Justice, john Jay, and also five associate Justices: James Wilson, wilhelm Cushing, john Blair, man Rutledge and James Iredell. Only Jay, Wilson, Cushing, and also Blair were current at the Court"s very first sitting.


The Court met in new York City at the Exchange structure (also well-known as the imperial Exchange, or the Merchants’ Exchange).


From 1791-1800, the Court met in Philadelphia, twice in the Pennsylvania State house (Independence Hall) and also later in the City hall (known this day as Old City Hall).

From February 1801 come the present, the Court has met in the city of Washington. After ~ using number of temporary locations in the U.S. Capitol, the Court settled into a courtroom on the floor floor that the phibìc Wing whereby it met native 1810 come 1860 (excluding the year the courtroom to be repaired after ~ the British shed the Capitol in 1814). Today this room is recognized as the Old can be fried Court Chamber. From 1860 come 1935, the Court met in what is known today together the Old Senate Chamber.


The supreme Court sat for the an initial time in the own building on October 7, 1935. It had opened because that visitors during the summer that 1935. Charles Evans Hughes was Chief Justice.

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Cass Gilbert. Among his various other famous buildings are the Woolworth building in brand-new York City, the Minnesota State Capitol, and the West Virginia State Capitol. Two other architects, john Rockart and also Cass Gilbert, Jr., were detailed on the contract and also were affiliated with the project, especially after Cass Gilbert, Sr., passed away in 1934.