What room the similarities and also differences because that coaches the Color and also White coaches?

The NFL’s Rooney Rule, created in 2003, has compelled franchises to interview candidates of color for senior football operations and head coaching positions. The function of this report is to define coach hiring and also firing patterns and pipelines leading to head coaching and to broaden our initial analyses to incorporate seasons native the begin of the Rooney Rule. The data in this study indicated differences in pipelines and pathways, experiences, and also opportunities. The analyses listed details come the racial/ethnic ingredient of the 18 seasons since the Rooney preeminence was implemented and answered the concern posed above.

You are watching: How to be a nfl coach

The first figure below shows the large picture of complete NFL head coaches broken down by race for every season native 2002-03 v 2019-20. The figures that monitor show components that add or market context come this big picture. Several determinants involve offensive and also defensive coordinator positions, which head coaches often hold before and after their head coach stints. Other determinants include football play experience, age when hired, franchise rental histories, and brand-new hire data.

Read much more


These numbers show snapshot comparisons the newly-hired NFL head coaches broken down by race in 2002-03 vs. 2019-20.


*

NFL Head Coach Pathways by gyeongju – Racial failure of new Hires by previous Position

These figures screen the last task held before being hired as an NFL head coach in between 2002 and 2020.

African American head coaches (21) were most frequently NFL defensive coordinators (9), followed by offensive coordinators (4), head coach of another team (3), and Linebackers coach (2).

White head coaches (92) were most often offensive coordinators (35), adhered to by protective coordinators (20), NFL coaches at other teams (14), and also college head coaches (10).

Immediate Previously hosted Position of just arrived Head Coaches through Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityPrior PositionAfrican AmericanLatinoWhiteTotal
College HC001010
DB Coach1023
DC912030
DL Coach0011
HC311418
LB Coach2002
NFL Other0011
OC403539
OL Coach0033
Non-Coaching1012
Other HC0011
QB Coach1034
Retired0011
Total21292115

Note. Uneven otherwise specified coaching positions space in the national Football League; HC = Head Coach; DB = defensive Back; DC = defensive Coordinator; DL = protective Line; LB = Linebacker; NFL = nationwide Football League; OC = offensive Coordinator; OL = offensive Line; other HC = Head Coach in an additional league; QB = Quarterback.


Offensive Coordinators – The typical Pathway

This number shows the function held through NFL offensive coordinators automatically prior come their brand-new hire.

Immediate Previously hosted Position of Incoming attack Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityPrior PositionAfrican AmericanLatinoChinese AmericanWhiteTotal
College HC0001010
College OC10146
College Position00033
Non-coach College00033
HC1002122
AHC00055
OC4004852
OL Coach0001313
QB1006768
RB Coach700310
WR Coach500813
TE Coach0001414
NFL Other10067
HC various other Pro00022
Retired00011
Unemployed10023
Total2101210231

Note. Uneven otherwise stated coaching positions space in the nationwide Football League; HC = Head Coach; OC = offensive Coordinator; AHC = Assistant Head Coach; OL = offensive Line; QB = Quarterback; RB = to run Back; WR = large Receiver; car = chop End; other Pro = other experienced league.

It is not surprising that most White head coaches come from attack coordinator backgrounds. There room ten times as countless White coaches hired right into offensive coordinator positions than there are African American coaches.There are no Latino offensive coordinators hired in this timeframe.There is a Chinese American attack coordinator hired – the only Chinese American in any type of coaching position.Most OCs come native quarterback coaching.67 the end of the 68 QB coaches who come to be OCs to be White.Given the the quarterback position itself has historically been provided to White players, and also the current relative flow of afri Americans playing quarterback in the NFL (Faller, 2020), that begs the question, “Will the future sell a more robust player pathway to the offensive side that coaching?”Compared to attack coordinators that Color, White offensive coordinators come from more varied playing and also coaching experience and also have a greater variety of next coaching opportunities.

Defensive Coordinators – The common Pathway

This number shows the duty held by NFL protective Coordinators immediately prior to their new hire.

Immediate Previously hosted Position that Incoming protective Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity because that 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityPrior PositionAfrican AmericanLatinoArab AmericanWhiteTotal
College AHC00011
College DC00033
College Position00011
HC8001725
AHC20013
DC13003548
DL Coach500813
LB Coach6215160
DB Coach15001025
DE Coach00011
CB Coach00011
TE Coach00011
OL Coach01001
NFL Other6001218
HC various other Pro00011
DC various other Pro00011
Media00011
Retired10001
Unemployed00022
Total5631147207

Note. Unless otherwise stated coaching positions are in the national Football League; HC = Head Coach; AHC = Assistant Head Coach; DC = defensive Coordinator; DL = defensive Line; LB = Linebacker; DB = defensive Back; DE = defensive End; CB = Cornerback; dare = chop End; OL = attack Line; NFL = nationwide Football League; various other = non-coaching position; various other Pro = other professional league.

There are some difference seen in between the offensive coordinator and defensive coordinator pathways.The racial/ethnic ingredient of NFL defensive coordinators is much more diverse than the offensive coordinator hires.This is no a surprising finding given that many head coaches of color come from a defensive coordinator background, including the one and only Arab American coach.There is a former position occupied by an incoming defensive coordinator of shade that is not populated by a White protective coordinator, something no observed in either head coach or attack coordinator prior positions.Most afri American defensive coordinators are previously defensive back coaches and also outnumber White protective coordinators native this position.The pathway indigenous linebacker coach to protective coordinator is the lone instance of a pathway common by coaches indigenous four different racial/ethnic backgrounds; afri American, Arab American, Latino, and White.There is a correlation in between race/ethnicity and tenure as defensive coordinator However, when additional explored the race/ethnicity does not considerably predict tenure through the team (small sample size, that approached significance and also should be examined with a bigger sample size).White defensive coordinators come indigenous a more comprehensive range of playing levels, a more comprehensive range the coaching experiences, and also enjoy a wider variety the future opportunities.

Continuing Pathway – following Opportunity because that Head Coaches by Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20

This figure display screens the “next” work for head coaches who have actually exited a team. Outgoing* head coaches of shade most often came to be NFL protective coordinators (25%), were employed through the media or were unemployed. Outgoing White head coaches many often became NFL attack coordinators (21/94), NFL defensive coordinators (14/94), head coaches of other NFL groups (10/94) or head coaches of college teams (10/94).

*Outgoing NFL Coaches may have been fired and/or vacated the position for a selection of reasons.

Next opportunity for Head Coaches through Race/Ethnicity because that 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityNext PositionAfrican AmericanLatinoWhiteTotal
Head Coach111012
Assistant HC0044
DB Coach1012
DC501419
DL Coach0011
DA Coach0011
LB Coach1012
TE Coach0033
OC102122
OL Coach0022
ST Coach1001
QB Coach1012
NFL Executive0022
NFL Other1056
College HC101011
College DC0011
College Other1001
Media30710
Retired0033
Unemployed3078
Total20194115

Note. Unless otherwise stated coaching positions room in the national Football League; HC = Head Coach; DB = protective Back; DC = defensive Coordinator; DL = protective Line; DA = protective Assistant; LB = Linebacker; dare = chop End; OC = attack Coordinator; OL = offensive Line; ST = unique Teams; QB = Quarterback; NFL = nationwide Football League.


Continuing Pathway – next Opportunity for attack Coordinators through Race/Ethnicity because that 2002-03 – 2019-20

This figure displays the “next” jobs for offensive coordinators who have exited a team. Outgoing* attack coordinators of color most often ended up being NFL position coaches (5/22), NFL head coaches (3/22), NFL to run Backs coaches (3/22) or unemployed. Outgoing White offensive coordinators many often became offensive coordinators of various other NFL teams (41/205), head coaches of various other NFL groups (35/205), and position coaches of various other NFL groups (30/205).

*Outgoing NFL Coaches may have been fired and/or vacated the place for a selection of reasons.

Next opportunity for offensive Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity because that 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityNext PositionAfrican AmericanChinese AmericanWhiteTotal
HC303538
AHC0044
OC204143
OL0088
QB101011
WR2035
TE0066
RB3003
NFL Position503035
NFL Other101415
College HC0088
College OC0167
College Position0011
Non-Coach College0011
HC various other Pro0022
Other agree Coach0011
Media0011
Retired2079
Unemployed302629
Other0011
Total221205228

Note. Uneven otherwise stated coaching positions are in the national Football League; HC = Head Coach; AHC = Assistant Head Coach; OC = offensive Coordinator; OL = offensive Line; QB = Quarterback; WR = broad Receiver; car = tight End; RB = running Back; NFL = nationwide Football League; various other Pro = other experienced league.


Continuing Pathway – following Opportunity for protective Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20

This figure displays “next” work for protective coordinators who have actually exited a team.

More african American defensive coordinators moved right into head coaching positions in ~ the NFL immediately after leaving their defensive coordinator position contrasted to those leaving attack coordinator positions. This sample was evident in the head coaching pipeline data together well. The largest variety of African American defensive coordinators went to various other NFL protective coordinator positions or ended up being NFL position coaches. These to be the exact same patterns for White protective coordinators and also at comparable proportions.

*Outgoing NFL Coaches may have been fired and/or vacated the place for a range of reasons.

Next opportunity for protective Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicityPrior PositionAfrican AmericanLatinoWhiteTotal
College HC0033
College DC0055
College Position1012
College Other1045
HC912333
AHC2068
Interim HC1001
DC1603349
DL Coach0011
NFL Position1523249
NFL Other601420
DC other Pro0011
Non-Coach other Pro0011
Retired1056
Unemployed701522
Total593144206

Note. Uneven otherwise stated coaching positions space in the nationwide Football League; HC = Head Coach; DC = protective Coordinator; AHC = Assistant Head Coach; DL = defensive Line; NFL = nationwide Football League; various other Pro = other professional league.


Racial breakdown of NFL attack Coordinators – 2002 vs. 2020

These figures show Newly rental NFL offensive coordinators broken down by gyeongju in total number. In 2002-03 the end of the eight open positions there were 3 African American attack coordinators hired and also four (one was left unfilled) White attack coordinators hired. In ~ the finish of 2020 the end of 12 rental there to be one african American attack coordinator hired and also 11 White attack coordinators hired.

*


Racial breakdown of NFL defensive Coordinators – 2002 vs. 2020

These figures display NFL newly hired defensive Coordinators broken down by gyeongju in full number. In 2002-03 there were 3/8 african American DCs hired and also 5/8 White DCs hired. In 2019-20 there to be 4/14 african American DCs hired and 10/14 White DCs hired.

*


The Firing and Hiring that NFL offensive Coordinators and Defensive Coordinators the Color

This figure shows the portion of OCs hired by race/ethnicity from the 2002-03 v the 2019-20 seasons.


*

This figure shows the percentage of DCs hired by race/ethnicity from the 2002-03 v the 2019-20 seasons.


*

Racial breakdown of New-Hire NFL offensive Coordinators and also Defensive Coordinators

This figure reflects the newly-hired attack coordinators per season broken down through race.

Incoming attack Coordinators through Race/Ethnicity because that 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicitySeason EndingAfrican AmericanLatinoChinese AmericanWhiteUnfilledTotal
2003300418
20043008011
200510111114
200600014014
200720012115
200810010011
20091008413
20102008010
201100010212
201200017017
201320012014
201410012013
201510015016
201630010013
201700012012
201800021021
201910015016
202000011112
Total210121010242

This figure reflects the hired defensive Coordinators per season broken down by race.

Incoming protective Coordinators by Race/Ethnicity for 2002-03 – 2019-20Race/EthnicitySeason EndingAfrican AmericanArab AmericanLatinoWhiteUnfilledTotal
2003300508
200430111015
2005000707
20063008011
2007300609
2008200406
200930117122
20104006010
201120111014
201210012013
20135007012
20145005010
201530011014
2016200608
20174106011
20185009014
20194006010
202040010014
Total56131471208

Diversity in Head Coach hiring by NFL Teams

This chart reflects each NFL team’s record of rental head coaches of shade within their franchise history in the modern-day NFL era. Within the timeframe of this research (2002-03 come 2019-20), there to be 11 teams that had actually never hired a long-term head coach the Color. (Note: In 2021, the Houston Texans hired David Culley, updating that number come 10 teams who have actually never hired a irreversible head coach the Color.)


*

AnomaliesInterim coaches that ColorTeamsCoaches the Color
Arizona CardinalsDennis environment-friendly 2004-06Steve Wilks 2018
interim Emmit thomas 2007Atlanta Falcons
John Harbaugh 2008-present, 13 seasonsBaltimore Ravens
interim Perry Fewell 2009, Anthony Lynn 2016Buffalo Bills
Carolina PanthersRon Rivera 2011-19
Chicago BearsLovie smith 2004-12
Cincinnati BengalsMarvin Lewis 2003-18
interim terrycloth Robiskie 2004Cleveland BrownsRomeo Crennel 2005-08Hue Jackson 2016-18
Jason Garrett 2011-present, 10 seasonsDallas Cowboys
Denver BroncosVance Joseph 2017-18
Detroit LionsJim Caldwell 2014-17
Green only PackersRay Rhodes 1999
interim Romeo Crennel 2020Houston Texans
Indianapolis ColtsTony Dungy 2002-08Jim Caldwell 2009-11
interim Mel Tucker 2011Jacksonville Jaguars
interim Romeo Crennel 2011Kansas City ChiefsHerm Edwards 2006-08Romeo Crennel 2011-12
Los Angeles ChargersAnthony Lynn 2017-present
Los Angeles Rams
interim Todd Bowles 2011Miami DolphinsBrian Flores 2019-present
Minnesota VikingsDennis environment-friendly 1992-01Leslie Frazier 2011-13
Bill Belichick 2000-present, 21 seasonsNew England Patriots
Sean Payton 2006-presentNew olions Saints
New York Giants
New York JetsHerm Edwards 2001-05Todd Bowles 2015-18
Oakland RaidersTom Flores 1979-87Art shell 1989-94, 2006Hue Jackson 2011
Philadelphia EaglesRay Rhodes 1995-98
Pittsburgh SteelersMike Tomlin 2007-present
interim Mike Singletary 2008San Francisco 49ersMike Singletary 2009-10
Seattle SeahawksTom Flores 1992-94
Tampa only BuccaneersTony Dungy 1996-01Raheem Morris 2009-11Lovie smith 2014-15
Tennessee Titans
interim terry Robiskie 2000Washington football TeamRon Rivera 2020-present

Teams that have never hired a head coach of color (*denotes having an interim coach of Color):

Atlanta Falcons*Baltimore RavensBuffalo Bills*Dallas CowboysHouston Texans*Jacksonville Jaguars*Los Angeles RamsNew England PatriotsNew olions SaintsNew York GiantsTennessee Titans

The worldwide Sport Institute published an evaluation (Brooks et al., 2019) the hiring and firing fads of NFL head coaches, offensive coordinators, and defensive coordinators for the decade that covered the 2009-10 NFL season through the 2018-19 season. In short, our report found that in the periods analyzed while most coaches were former players, and also most players have actually been guys of Color, the vast bulk of coaches were White. Together measured by previous playing and coaching experience, coaches of shade had more robust statistics once hired 보다 White coaches. Regardless of ethnicity, every outgoing head coaches achieved similar winning percentages. The age at the time of hire showed a wider range for White head coaches 보다 coaches the Color, and also White head coaches were likewise hired more frequently and for more senior location after being fired. Lastly, offensive coordinators, the vast majority of whom room White, to be much more likely than defensive coordinators to be hired as head coaches.

As we gone after a deeper understanding of the pipeline, the equity of hiring processes, the league and also franchise business practices, and also the persistence of different outcomes, we stepped ago to analyze all head coach and also coordinator hiring and also firing native the year prior to the Rooney dominance going into effect in 2003 and also expanded our previous analysis by 6 seasons. Us also added the 2019-20 season.

All the the data presented have been gathered from publicly available sources, such as news articles that report on coaches’ entrance into and exit indigenous positions. There were 3 phases come our research. The initial two rounds that data arsenal were done in 2018 because that our an initial Field Study, a ten-year photo that analyzed the hiring fads of head coaches, attack coordinators, and also defensive coordinators during the 2009-10 – 2018-19 seasons. The very first round was data collection and also preliminary evaluation done by the Paul Robeson Research facility for Innovative scholastic & athletic Prowess (PRRC). PRRC, under the direction that Dr. C. Keith Harrison, compiled data indigenous all transforms at head coach, attack coordinator, and defensive coordinator level in the NFL. The data contained information on the race/ethnicity that both hired and also fired coaches, front coaching position, and next coaching place (in the case of the coach leaving the position). This phase was followed by extr analysis that the PRRC data and a 2nd round of data collection. Global Sport Institute included age, playing experience, and simple descriptive statistics, and also conducted a 2nd analysis of all the data.

For the existing study, a 3rd round of data repertoire and analysis was done specifically by the an international Sport Institute. The 2002-03 – 2008-09 seasons were captured in addition to the 2019-20 season. The 18 periods of data in this report contained detailed breakdowns the the following for head coaches, protective coordinators, and also offensive coordinators: race or ethnicity the incoming and outgoing coaches; positions prior to and also after stints together coach or coordinator; age at hire; ahead playing and also coaching experience; win percentages; length of tenure together coach or coordinator; and also next project after leave a coaching position. An important methodology update was in just how offensive and also defensive coordinator vacancies to be counted. In the previous study iteration, if the position was left unfilled, the head coach was established to occupy the vacancy, and therefore, his descriptive data to be used. In the current study, no data were gotten in for vacant outgoing or incoming attack or defensive coordinator positions.

All figures represent data recorded prior to the begin of the 2020-21 NFL season, in stimulate to capture hiring and also firing outcomes that the completed 2019-20 season. Figures do not represent any kind of coaching changes that happened throughout the 2020-21 season. In our analyses, we characterized “hires” as officially-hired coaches that were no designated as interim. We excluded interim coaches because, by definition, they space temporary and transient in nature and therefore may include variability come the data the is no representative that actual hiring patterns. However, if a coach began as interim and also was the main subsequent hire, then he was consisted of in this data set.

See more: How Much Is A Nose Job In Ct, Rhinoplasty Cost Darien & Fairfield County, Ct


*

Global sport Matters is the media enterprise lugged to you by the an international Sport academy at Arizona State University. We room a purpose propelled publication that provides a communication for comprehensive insights ~ above a diverse selection of sporting activities topics informed by data and research. Worldwide Sport problem adheres come Arizona State University’s privacy policies. You can view those policies here.