The coast Guard is a committed branch that the military tasked v the duty of protecting the public, environment, and U.S. Security and economic interests in the maritime region including international waters and also America’s ports, coasts, and inland waterways.

You are watching: How to be a coast guard

In order to achieve these missions and many more, this company has more than 40,000 active-duty men and also women, 35,000 assistant personnel serving in a selection of job fields and 8,000 Reservists.

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" src="" alt="Coast security Officer Candidate college (OCS)" width="600" height="421" class="size-full wp-image-1580 no-lazyload jetpack-lazy-image" data-recalc-dims="1" data-lazy-src=";ssl=1" srcset="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7">It falls under the newly-created department of landscape Defense, yet was formerly under the room of Transportation.

However, the shore Guard is a military company since, in the occasion of war, the president of the united States deserve to order the transfer of any type of or every one of the assets own by coastline Guard to the Navy.

Commanded by the coastline Guard Commandment, who is a 4-star admiral, this unit is tasked to carry out the following missions;

Drugs interdictionEnsuring maritime safetyEnsuring port and waterway securitySearch and also rescueDefense readinessMarine eco-friendly protectionLaw enforcementIce operationLiving marine resourceMigrant interdictionAiding navigation

On average, based upon a 2013 statistic, the coast Guard will do the following in a day;

Carry the end 109 search and also rescue casesProtect $2,791,841 precious of propertySave 10 lives and also assist 192 people in distressIntercept 14 illegal migrantsBoard 144 vesselsRespond to 20 hazardous chemical or oil spills

This organization was incepted in 1790 and also operated under the surname Revenue Marine. This provides it among the oldest consistent maritime service.

1. Shore Guard demands

Special Note: Click Here to check out our full short article that addresses the full coastline Guard requirements.

The U.S. Coast Guard is a highly selective business that does much more with less. This means they have to handpick versatile and also hardworking individuals to be able to perform an ext missions 보다 members of other services.

To come to be one the the service persons in this unit, there room strict needs you need to fulfill. Below is a an introduction of the shore guard requirements;


For friend to join the shore Guard, you must be either a U.S citizen or a resident alien. A human being born in the United says is a U.S. Citizen, very same as U.S. Citizen’s youngsters born overseas. Also, if you earned her citizenship through naturalization (passing tests in English and also civics), you have the right to qualify as well. Top top the various other hand, a resident extraterrestrial is a non-citizen who is legit residing in the unified States. Those who space permanent citizens are often called green map holders, and it is possible to join the coastline Guard together one.

Age, Height, Weight, Education, and also Dependents

Coast Guard age limit: You must fall in between 17-31 if involvement for active duty, and also 17-40 for reserve duty. However, 17-year-old recruits will call for parental consent

Height and weight requirements: To it is in a member of coastline Guard, you have to remain fit by preserving their MAW (Maximum Allowable Weight). Over there are specific guidelines for this, click right here to check out more.

Dependents: They must not exceed three.

Education: You require to have a high school diploma although sometimes they expropriate GED under distinct circumstances.

ASVAB Scores

Assuming you have met all the above requirements, you will certainly now must take the armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery check often called ASVAB test.

To it is in enlisted, you require to meet the minimum ASVAB score. This test procedures your an abilities to help the coastline Guard recognize the tasks you are ideal suited for.

You also need to pass the simple military medical exam to confirm you are in a an excellent state of wellness for the service.

Basic physics Fitness

Simply conference the straightforward Coast Guard demands doesn’t median you are all set for the ‘real’ training.

You will not join the Guard uneven you finish eight mainly of straightforward physical training at Cape May, brand-new Jersey.

You will not graduate unless you pass the coast Guard’s physics fitness test, or simply PT test.

Here room the physical fitness tests to complete;

Complete a swim circuitRun 1.5 miles under 12:51Do 38 sit-ups in less than 60 secondsTread water for 5 minutesJump native a 6 ft. Platform and also swim 100 metersPass a “sit and reach” test to show your flexibility levelComplete 29 press ups in less than 60 seconds

However, several of these requirements are different for women;

Finish 15 press ups in 60 secondsComplete 32 sit-ups in much less than 60 secondsThe “sit and reach” exercise is contempt tougherRun for 1.5 miles in 15:26More Training

If you fail to satisfy the coastline Guard requirements essential for physics fitness at Cape May, your agency commander will occupational with you to allow you to meet them.

The closer you space to conference the targets, the much better your chances of graduating.

During her 8 week continue to be in Cape May, you will certainly be compelled to use your brain and strength.

You will obtain intense theoretical instruction come equip you v entry-level an abilities for your role.

Also, friend will discover a lot about Coast safety history, army justice, and military ethics.

Other training friend will acquire include:

Hands-on training including seamanshipSmall eight trainingSafety and rescue trainingFire-fighting and damage control.

You will likewise engage in team-building exercises.

If even after working through your agency commander, you fail to fulfill the physics and academic standards, you will certainly not graduate to join the coastline Guard. Girlfriend will need to go home and choose a various career path.

Those who complete basic training successfully come to be E2 safety members, firemen, or seamen. Indigenous there, they proceed to their very first unit wherein they are exposed to different career paths available to members that the coast Guard.

2. Actions to join the shore Guard/Sign up process

If you are interested in involvement the coastline Guard to save lives and protect the water boundaries of the U.S. As well as secure the borders, then below are the procedures to monitor so friend can end up being a Guardian;

Step 1: gather information about the requirement

The first thing to do prior to joining the coast Guard is to determine if it is the right location for you. Research your alternatives and recognize what life will certainly be like as a coast Guard member.

Then, you’ll want to visit a coastline Guard recruiter and ask the or she these questions.

The USCG job involves dealing with highly-sensitive information and also national security issues.

You require to satisfy the demands we have debated in the previous subtopic such as passing the ASVAB test, passing a military basic medical exam, pass a criminal document review, and much more.

Step 2- talk to a coast guard recruiter

After knowing the requirement and the career route to follow, it is time to talk to your recruiter again.

You can uncover a coast Guard recruiter close to you on the website here.

Ask them necessary questions such as:

How long should one offer in the coastline Guard?What does simple training entail?How must I prepare for the training?What career courses are there in the shore Guard?What room the benefits of authorized the coastline Guard as a graduate?How is shore Guard various from other US armed Forces?Can I join college while quiet in the coast Guard?And various other questions you might have

Step 3- select a career you desire to pursue in the coastline Guard

There are number of careers in the shore Guard including;

Coast safety Reserve: In this field, you will be serving for 2 days a month and report to a base close to your locality 2 weeks a year. As a reservist, you will receive an important benefits consisting of earning extra income and training in different fields.Enlisted Guardsman: This allows you to offer in legislation enforcement, carry out air support for the coastline Guard, patrolling waterways, occupational in environmental operations, and much more.Coast security officer: This suites civilians working in various other fields, take fee leaders, or university graduates.

Learn more about the various active-duty careers the coastline Guard needs to offer on the website here.

Step 4: happen the ASVAB

Armed services Vocational Aptitude Battery test assesses your skills in general science, math knowledge, native knowledge, numerical operations, auto and also shop information, paragraph comprehension, mechanically comprehension, electronic information, and assembling objects.

Step 5: happen a background Check

The recruitment process for the shore Guard is really thorough, and also you will need to go through police lift check through which felony convictions will bring about your disqualification. Also, you will certainly go with a credit check to disclose her financial security. A security clearance examine will be run because you will certainly be dealing with matters of nationwide security.

Step 6: happen a an individual evaluation test

This is where you fulfill with her recruiter. They will certainly be examining your an individual attributes and skills. Think about this together a project interview. Based on your answers, a recruiter will certainly fill out different forms come validate the you space eligible for the service. They usually test professionalism, attitude, respect, honesty, physical abilities, work ethic, and also language proficiency.

Step 7: Prepare for shore Guard boots Camp

Here, you will be doing simple training to check if you space physically fit and also mentally prepared for a transformation. It will take eight weeks. We will talk much more about this in our following subtopic.

3. Coastline Guard boot Camp

This is whereby recruits change from civilians to Guardsmen. It will be physically and mentally challenging so that you can learn the importance of teamwork and hard work.

" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" src="" alt width="589" height="295" class="size-full wp-image-1545 no-lazyload jetpack-lazy-image" data-recalc-dims="1" data-lazy-src=";ssl=1" srcset="data:image/gif;base64,R0lGODlhAQABAIAAAAAAAP///yH5BAEAAAAALAAAAAABAAEAAAIBRAA7">Here is a quick of shore Guard boots Camp:

Schedules and also Timelines

Boot camp take away 8 weeks wherein you will learn skills, participation spirit, and what it way to live in accordance with the set core values.

The training is daunting and rough, and also thus you should be prepared.

As a coast Guard, you will certainly be tasked v the duty of saving lives and enforcing laws and also these work require you to it is in physically and also mentally tough.

Here is a malfunction of exactly how the training will be:


You will arrive in Cape might by bus. After acquiring there, her hair will be cut, and initial clinical screening will be performed.

You will certainly be issued v a uniform, and there will be other governmental tasks that will certainly take place.

This will be your first step in the direction of your shift from a civilian to a shore Guardsman.

Of course, at the finish of the developing stage you will not feel favor a armed forces member, however you will begin to act and also look like one.

Company formation

After about three days, all of you will come to be a recruit Training Company. You will certainly be assigned a agency each through a agency Commander.

Your agency Commander (CC) will affect you a lot. He/she will certainly be one instrumental figure in your growth as a shore Guardsman.

They will certainly teach girlfriend respect, honor, and also devotion come duty.

Your CC will certainly be demanding and also tough and also will aid you flourish in an unimaginable way.

Your an initial weekend with your agency will, of course, be complicated since you will certainly be learning to take and obey orders and also act together a team member.

This can be the most an overwhelming period of your eight-week continue to be in the boot Camp.

The Basics

After developing the company, you will certainly undergo thorough physical fitness training, and also you will likewise be provided the compelled knowledge consisting of military drill, simple classes, and military courtesies and customs.

Related post – shore Guard organize Standards


This happens at the finish of the fourth training week. If you pass the mid-term exam, you will certainly go front to fill your ADC or Assignment Data Card.

This tells the shore Guard wherein you space suited come serve. You will certainly be assigned a unit or ship relying on the demands to fulfill.

The ADC provides the coast Guard an idea of where you would like to serve, yet this doesn’t mean you will be assigned to your preferred unit; the shore Guard will certainly assign you almost everywhere your services are needed.

Training at this stage is more hands-on and also practical. Friend will learn line handling, marksmanship, firefighting, and seamanship.

The last phase

At this stage, girlfriend are already conducting yourself as a member the the united States armed Forces. Your training is now purely practical, and you room preparing because that graduation.

In the last week the training, you will be taught very first aid and CPR.

Frequently asked Questions around the coastline Guard

4. How hard is that to get in?

To sign up with the shore Guard, you have to meet all the requirements. You need to have actually a passion for serving your country.

Some of the requirements incorporate being a U.S. National or a resides alien, be in between 17-31 years for active duty shore Guard or 17-40 because that reservists.

You additionally need to have a high college diploma and not have more than 3 dependents. There space other requirements as disputed in our previously section.

5. How difficult is boot camp?

The coastline Guard boot Camp, i m sorry last because that eight weeks, is just one of the toughest boot camps as compared to that of air Force and Navy.

You have to be physically and also mentally prepared since it is tough and rough.

Related Article: 18 Pros and Cons Of involvement The coast Guard

6. Those the salary like?

According to the official coast Guard website, all active-duty shore guard members start out making about $20,000 annually.

However, her ultimate salary will depend on her rank and also the size of time you’ve served.

Here’s a snapshot of coast Guard enlisted straightforward pay rates for 2019:


And here’s a picture of coastline Guard officer pay prices for 2019:


Learn an ext about the shore Guard ranks and pay here.

7. Need to I become an enlisted member or officer?

Enlisted members have actually a clear advance system; they recognize what they need to do come advance. However, ~ above the component of officers, guarantee because that promotions is complicated although promotions indigenous ENS come LTJG is guaranteed.

Both fields have your benefits however being an enlisted member is far better if you space looking to breakthrough to a higher level.

If you’re looking to make an ext money, plainly the officer path is the way to go.

8. Those a typical day like?

Being a distinct force tasked through military and also civilian duties, coastline Guard objectives touch basically all facets of naval interests.

On an average day, the coastline Guard;

Conducts 45 rescue casesSeizes 214 pounds of marijuana and 874 pounds that cocaineSaves 10 livesConducts 57 patrols top top water bodiesInterdicts 17 illegal migratesInvestigates 35 events of pollutionConducts 105 inspections at the dockCompletes 26 examinations on international vesselsAnd much more…

9. Pros and Cons coast Guard


Like other military members, the coast Guard supplies its enlisted personnel and also officers a steady pay, significant allowances, and job securityMembers likewise receive tax-free housing allowance or cost-free government-provided housing and also food allowancesThey space offered an extensive health careAbility to choose your wanted carrier path, back this is restricted only by your physical abilities, aptitude, and also security clearanceYou gain an possibility to serve your country


You cannot choose where you will certainly be posted uneven you space a reservistThe job deserve to be hazardous because Coast Guard requires interdicting medicine trafficking, protecting terror threats, and interdicting illegal immigration

10. Famous Jobs in the coast Guard

There are 20 enlisted coastline guard jobs, often dubbed ratings split into 4 major categories;

Deck and also Ordnance: Boatswain’s Mate, Enforcement Specialist, intelligence Specialist, and Operation Specialist.Hull and Engineering: Electrician’s Mate, Damage control person, machine Technician, and also Informative device Technician.Administrative and also Scientific: health Services Technician, Food service Specialist, Musician, maritime Science Technician, Yeoman, windy Affairs Specialist, and also Storekeeper.Rescue Swimmer: Officially known as one Aviation survive Technician, rescue swimmers space responsible for rescuing people at sea.

Related Article: 5 finest Coast safety Jobs


Deciding to sign up with the coastline Guard comes down to your commitment and also your enthusiasm for serving your country. When members that the waiting Force and also Army might go to foreign theaters of battle to protect the unified States, coast Guard members safeguard the united state within that territories.

See more: This Is How Much Is Paulina Porizkova Worth Of $10 Million, How Much Is Paulina Porizkova Actually Worth

Therefore, if you room passionate about serving your nation and feel the you can meet all the needs needed, the coastline Guard offers a an excellent opportunity because that that. We hope the our guide removes all the question you had about joining the shore Guard.