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Abraham Lincoln MemorialLincoln Memorial CircleWashington, D.C.The Lincoln Memorial suits its surroundings so well that it seems to have constantly been there. The city"s understand designer, Pierre L" Enfant, could hardly have actually imagined a far better architectural anchor come the west end of the Mall, the grassy area the visualized between the Capitol Building and also the grape max River.Behind the memorial to the west lies Arlington nationwide Cemetery and also the stately Lee-Custis Mansion; to the eastern you check out the Washington Monument and also Capitol Hill. The enormous sculpture that Lincoln faces eastern toward a lengthy reflecting pool. The peaceful environment belies the year of disagreement over what kind of monument come build and also where. Aid from Lincoln"s FriendsIn 1910 2 members of conference joined forces to produce a memorial i beg your pardon honored Lincoln. Shelby M. Cullom and also Joseph G. Cannon, who had known Lincoln in Illinois, moved through a Lincoln Memorial invoice which chairman Taft signed on February 11, 1911. The bill developed the Lincoln Memorial Commission to oversee the job and set aside $2 million in funds. The last cost, however, was $3 million. Prior to the commission completed plans to develop in what was well-known as the grape max Flats, it considered various locations and memorial ideas which ranged native a highway come a substantial pyramid. Man Hay, one of Lincoln"s White residence secretaries, supported the grape max location, saying the the monument have to stand alone, distinguished, and also serene.The BuildingOn Memorial Day, might 30, 1922, the building was dedicated, 57 year after Lincoln died. About 50,000 human being attended the ceremonies, including thousands of Civil battle veterans and Robert Todd Lincoln, the president"s just surviving son. The key speakers were President Warren Harding, previous President william Howard Taft, and also Dr. Robert Moton, major of the Tuskegee Institute, who ceded the keynote address.New York architect Henry Bacon modeled the memorial in the layout of a Greek temple. The classic architecture features 36 Doric columns outside, symbolizing the claims in the Union at Lincoln"s death.
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The building measures 204 feet long, 134 feet wide, and 99 feet tall, through 44-foot columns. The blends rock from assorted states: white Colorado marble because that the exterior, Indiana limestone because that the internal walls, pink Tennessee marble for the floor, and Alabama marble because that the ceiling.