Hurricane Hugo end the open up AtlanticHurricane Hugo was one the strongest and costliest hurricanes to impact the united States and also Caribbean. That was an initial identified together a group of thunderstorms near the west shore of Africa top top September 9th, 1989. The following day it to be classified as a tropical depression southeast of the Cape Verde Islands and also then a dry storm on the 11th. Hugo steadily gained strength to hurricane condition on the 13th - roughly 1250 miles eastern of the Leeward islands. The strengthening sped up and Hugo went through a quick deepening phase. This is where a hurricane strengthens swiftly over a short duration of time. This was the first of three different strengthening phases. Windspeed had increased come 160 mph and also pressure dropped come 918 MB on the 15th. During this time Hugo to be turning much more west northwest approximately a weakness in the subtropical ridge. This would overview the hurricane toward the Leeward archipelago in the Caribbean.Hurricane Hugo in the CaribbeanThe steering currents would certainly take Hurricane Hugo end the northeast Caribbean the adhering to two days. The tropic cyclone weakened some as it approached the Leeward Islands, but was tho a really dangerous category 4 hurricane. That passed over the island the Guadeloupe ~ above the 17th. End 50 poeple shed their resides through the Leewards islands. Guadeloupe suffered severe farming losses as many of Banana and sugar cane chop was delete everything out. A french navy ship report a wind gust come 184 mph.Hugo continued northwest over St. Croix and also the eastern reminder of Puerto Rico on the 18th. The second drop of pressure occured eastern of St. Croix, wherein the push was measured in ~ 934 MB. Top top the Island that Culebra, just east of Puerto Rico a ship"s anemometor registered a wind gust the 170 mph. Other wind gusts of 120 mph were detailed at Roosevelt Roads, and 92 mph at san Juan Puerto Rico. Puerto Rico additionally suffered heavy losses to its coffee and also banana crops.Hurricane Hugo Satellite photo - east of the Lesser Antilles

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Hurricane Hugo eastern of the BahamasAfter moving north that Puerto Rico, Hugo"s movement was guided by an top air low over Georgia and a increase subtropical ridge. This take it the hurricane on nearly a directly northwest course straight toward the coastline of south Carolina. Weakening had occured phibìc of Puerto Rico and the hurricane"s top sustained winds dropped to 105 mph ~ above the 19th. The 3rd of 3 strenghtening phases began about 30 hours before landfall. Pressure started to drop rapidly again and also bottomed the end at 934 MB. This is a similar pressure analysis that to be measured during the second strengthening phase close to St. Croix. Winds likewise increased just before landfall. A reconaissance aircraft uncovered that sustained winds were as much as 140 mph, making Hurricane Hugo a classification four hurricane.
Hurricane Hugo in the United states / CanadaLandfall occuered phibìc of Charleston near Sullivan"s Island. This enabled the highest possible storm tide to be competent north of Charleston. Winds north of Charleston were blowing onshore control the highest possible storm surge phibìc of the city. Strong offshore winds southern of the eye decreased storm tide damage. The most heavy rainfall occured southern of where Hugo"s eye crossed land. Native Charleston south to close to Savannah, Georgia 5-10 customs of rainfall was reported. Edisto, Beach, south Carolina measure 10.28 inches. Winds gusted come 108 mph in Charleston, and 107 mph top top Folly Beach. A ship anchored close to Georgetown recorded a gust come 120 mph. Storm tides were highest possible near McClennansville, south Carolina at 20.2 feet.Hugo"s track take it it through the central Appalchians and also into southeastern Canada. Along the path, heavy rainfall and strong winds brought about massive amounts of tree damage and also downed strength lines. Charlotte, NC report a wind gust come 99 mph.Hurricane Hugo Satellite photo - south-east of Charleston, SC

Images / data courtesty the the national Hurricane facility / NOAA / NASAHurricane Hugo summaryHurricane Hugo to be responsible for over 100 deaths in the Caribbean and United States. The caused approximately eight and a fifty percent billion dollars in damages in the united States, Puerto Rico and also Virgin Islands. Components of the Leewards continual at least an addition billion dollars in damage. It to be the costliest hurricane to impact the United says at that time. It now ranks together the eleventh many costly. Throughout its lifetime, Hugo made five landfalls - Guadeloupe, St. Croix, Vieques, Puerto Rico, Fajardo, Puerto Rico and also Sullivan"s Island, southern Carolina. Farming loss was competent in these places from significant winds. In addition extensive storm tide damages occured on the shore of southern Carolina near and north the of landfall position.

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Hurricane Hugo Facts review Lowest pressure: 918 millibars / 27.11 inchesPressure and sustained wind at landfall: 934 millibars / 140 mphMaximum sustained winds at peak: 160 mph - group 5 on the Saffir - Simpson scaleStrongest wind gust in Charleston: 108 mphFatalities: 50 total, 21 mainland U.S.U.S. Damage: $7 billionU.S. Damage: $14.07 billion - changed dollars because that 2017Caribbean Damage: $3 billionMaximum storm surge height: 20 feet, Bulls Bay, SCMost intense tropical cyclone come strike the Atlantic coast north the FloridaUSDA Forest service estimated damages of $100 million to wood north that CharlestonDo you desire to discover out more about Hurricane Hugo or various other hurricanes? examine out our 1980-1989 hurricane summaries.Back to much more hurricane articles.