Bob Dole is a previous member that the U.S. Home (1961–69) and also U.S. Senate (1969–96) indigenous Kansas. In 1996, he was the Republican Party"s candidate for the presidency.

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Who Is Bob Dole?

Bob Dole began his political career by serving as a member the the Kansas state legislative (1951–53) and later served four terms as prosecuting attorney for Russell County. From 1961 come 1969, Dole served as a member the the U.S. House of Representatives. From 1969 to 1996, he offered in the U.S. Senate, where he earned title as minority leader and majority leader. After ~ defeat as Gerald Ford's to run mate in 1976, Dole ran for president in 1996 however lost to President invoice Clinton, that won choice to a 2nd term. Because leaving politics, Dole has actually written numerous books, practiced law and made numerous appearances together a spokesperson for customer products.

Early Life

Robert Joseph "Bob" Dole to be born on July 22, 1923, in Russell, Kansas. Doran, Dole's father, ran a was standing that offered eggs and cream. Dole's mother, Bina, sold Singer sewing machines and vacuum cleaners together a traveling saleswoman. Dole had one brother, Kenny, and also two sisters, Gloria and also Norma Jean.

When the an excellent Depression fight in the 1930s, the Doles had to struggle to make ends meet. The family members moved into the basement of your home and also rented the end the upstairs to oilfield workers. Dole's parents instilled in him their worths of hard work and also sacrifice, and also both the those would play a huge role in Dole's later life. His parents likewise gave the a strong spiritual upbringing. Dole once explained, "As a young guy in a small town, mine parents teach me to put my trust in God, not government, and also never confuse the two."

As a youth, Dole to be a member the the boy Scouts and also played sports, winning spots on numerous all-conference teams. He functioned as a paperboy and also as a soda jerk at the regional Dawson's Drugstore. The drugstore's owner psychic Dole as a "good worker." After completing high institution in 1941, Dole attend the university of Kansas, where, inspired by the physicians that he had actually met while functioning at the drugstore, that enrolled in the premedical program.

Military Service

Dole's college career was shortly interrupted by the joined States' entry into human being War II. He enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1942 and was summoned to energetic duty in at an early stage 1943. Upon completing training programs in the unified States, Dole came to be a combat infantry officer and also was sent to Italy in 1944 to serve in a reasonably safe area close to Rome. The following year, Dole was transferred to a post near the Po Valley, in north Italy. That region still hosted a German an equipment gun nest, and, in spite of Dole's fairly small amount of combat experience, he to be ordered to lead an assault versus it. The day of the attack was, together Dole placed it, "the work that readjusted my life."

During the attack, an army radioman went down under German fire. In his attempt to rescue the man, Dole himself was severely wounded. Follow to examinations through medics complying with the battle, Dole had sustained the adhering to injuries: a shattered right shoulder, fractured vertebrae in his neck and also spine, paralysis from the neck down, steel shrapnel throughout his body and also a damaged kidney. The medics assessing Dole believed him i can not qualify to survive.

After number of surgeries and also extensive rehabilitation, Dole not just lived yet made a much better recovery 보다 had ever been expected. The only lingering physical restrictions for Dole are his paralyzed best arm and also hand, and also during public appearances, he often keeps a pen in his right hand to do it appear less unusual. The Russell neighborhood showed that a an excellent amount the support during his recovery, and also as a memento of the support, Dole still keeps a cigar box where donations toward his medical expenses were collected. For his business in the military, Dole to be awarded 2 Purple Hearts and a bronze Star. Throughout his recovery, Dole additionally met his very first wife, Phyllis Holden, who worked as a nurse in a Michigan hospital wherein Dole invested time. Castle married in June 1948.

After much more than three years the recovery, Dole took advantage of the G.I. Bill, which noted veterans v financial assistance for education. First, he attended the university of Arizona to study liberal arts. After ~ a year there, he returned to Kansas to study regulation at Washburn Municipal college in Topeka. While attending college, Dole was encouraged to go into into politics. Dole ran together a Republican candidate because that the Kansas state legislative (despite the fact that both the his parents were registered Democrats) and won. Something of a moderate at the time, Dole could have been influenced in his party affiliation by advice indigenous Republican leader man Woelk, that said, "If you really desire to do something in politics in Kansas, you'd far better declare yourself a Republican." In 1952, Dole obtained his undergraduate and law degrees, to be admitted come the bar and began practicing legislation in his hometown of Russell.

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Senator Bob Dole attends Fourth annual Inner-City games on July 23, 1994, at the college of southerly California in Los Angeles, California. 

Photo: Ron Galella, Ltd./WireImage

Political Career

The beforehand 1950s significant the start of Dole's call career as a publicly official, i beg your pardon lasted for 5 decades. Dole hosted the previously mentioned state legislative seat until 1953. ~ his term ended, he took up the position of county lawyer of Russell County. In 1961, the was motivated to operation for a chair in the U.S. Home of Representatives the was around to be vacated by a retiring incumbent. Due to the fact that Dole had small name recognition external of his home county, his campaign featured together gimmicks together a female to sing group called Dolls for Dole, the handing the end of hundreds of cups of free Dole brand juice and a coffin v a Frankenstein fake in it bearing the sign, "You have nothing to fear with Dole." He likewise had his daughter, Robin (born in 1954), undertake a banner saying, "I'm for Daddy — space You?". 

Dole won the Republican nomination and went top top to quickly win the choice over his democratic opponent. Dole won re-election to congress twice an ext and, during this period, earn a reputation as a conservative willing to champion unpopular beliefs. One of these unpopular location was supporting Barry Goldwater because that president in 1964—a move that nearly lost the his 2nd congressional term.