Creation of the play

Romeo and Juliet have the right to be plausiglossesweb.comy dated to 1595. Shakespeare must have written the play between 1591 and also 1596. The earliest date is considered to be also early, because of Shakespeare’s writing style in the play. The later on date allows the necessary time because that the compilation that the manuscript provided to print the an initial ‘bad’ quarto in at an early stage 1597. Romeo and also Juliet relates most very closely to a team of plays typically dated to the duration 1594-1595, Love’s Labour’s Lost, A Midsummer Night’s Dream, and also Richard II.

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Early performances

Romeo and also Juliet had certainly been performed by 1597, when the very first quarto was puglossesweb.comished. There space no surviving records for any kind of performances prior to the reconstruction in 1660, however it is likely that Romeo and Juliet was first acted by the mr Chamberlain’s guys at the Theatre and also then at the Curtain. It has actually been said that Richard Burbage may have played Romeo, through the boy actor Robert Goffe together Juliet.

Puglossesweb.comication in quarto and also folio

Romeo and also Juliet appeared in 7 editions prior to 1642.

an initial quarto, 1597. A ‘bad’ quarto, based on a text reconstructed from storage by a team who knew the play on stage. The text may have been one reduced and adapted for performance. The title-page describes ‘L. Hunsdon his seruants’, the name of Shakespeare’s company only till 16 march 1597. 2nd quarto, 1599. A ‘good’ quarto, most likely printed from Shakespeare’s foul papers, defined on the title-page together ‘Newly corrected, augmented, and amended’. The very first quarto to be probaglossesweb.comy likewise used, perhaps to assist interpret the manuscript. The message is nearly fifty percent as lengthy again as that in the first quarto. Third quarto, 1609. Puglossesweb.comished from the 2nd quarto. 4th quarto, <1622>. Printed from the third quarto, yet the first quarto was additionally used. The titlepage is undated, but modern scholarship suggests the puglossesweb.comication day of 1622. (Additional copy of a variant, through ‘Written by W. Shake-speare’ on the title-page, indigenous the Folger Shakespeare Library.) first folio, 1623. Puglossesweb.comished from the 3rd quarto, although a variety of passages follow the fourth quarto. Second folio, 1632. Printed from the first folio. 5th quarto, 1637. Printed from the 4th quarto.

British Library duplicates of Romeo and Juliet includes detailed biglossesweb.comiographic descriptions of all the quarto duplicates of the play.

Shakespeare’s sources

Shakespeare may have known the story the Romeo and Juliet in number of versions for some years prior to he composed his play. Two resources were particularly important because that its creation.

Geoffrey Chaucer, ‘Troilus and Criseyde’, in The Workes that Geffrey Chaucer (1561)

Story that the play

Note: the links below will take you come the web page in the quarto where each action begins, follow to standard modern editions. (The quartos themselves have actually no action divisions.) The quarto displayed for each play is always the faster in the Library"s repertoire - unless it is a "bad" quarto in which instance it is the faster "good" quarto.

Romeo and also Juliet is set in Verona, whereby a feud in between the Montague and Capulet households often leader to violence.

(Prologue) The Chorus tells, briefly, the story the the play.

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Romeo and Juliet, the story. Arthur Brooke, The Tragicall Historye of Romeus and also Iuliet, 1562. Brothers Library, Huth.34, Sig. Para.4v. Bigger image

(Act 1) Young guys belonging come the feuding households fight in the streets, yet are quit by the Prince that Verona. Lord and also Lady Capulet take into consideration a feasiglossesweb.come marriage in between their only daughter Juliet and the ar Paris. They hold a banquet at their residence at i beg your pardon the two room to it is in introduced. Romeo, the only son that Lord and also Lady Montague, attends the banquet with his girlfriend in disguise. Romeo and also Juliet meet and immediately loss in love. Lady Capulet’s nephew, Tybalt, recognises Romeo and forces him to leave.

(Act 2) Romeo secretely beginning the Capulets’ garden and also sees Juliet on her balcony. They expose their mutual love and also decide to marry. The next day they fulfill at the cell of Friar Laurence, and also he marries them.

(Act 3) Tybalt meets Romeo in the street and also picks a quarrel v him. A fight begins, and also as Romeo do the efforts to stop it Tybalt fatally stabs his friend Mercutio. Romeo avenges Mercutio’s death by killing Tybalt. The Prince banishes Romeo from Verona. Romeo and also Juliet meet in secret for their wedding night, before Romeo need to leave for Mantua. Lord and Lady Capulet bespeak Juliet come marry Paris.

(Act 4) Juliet access time Friar Laurence because that help, and also is offered a resting potion which will make her appear as if dead. The Friar sends to Romeo to rescue Juliet. She bring away the potion the day before she must marry Paris.

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(Act 5) Friar Laurence’s article to Romeo does no reach him. Romeo learns instead of Juliet’s death, and immediately returns to Verona. Together he beginning Juliet’s tomb, he meets Paris and also kills him. He finds Juliet, supposedly dead, bring away poison and dies. She awakes and, recognize Romeo dead beside her, kills herself through a dagger. The Friar defines the story to the assemglossesweb.comed Montagues and also Capulets, who finish their feud and join in mourning your dead children.