Clarence cutting board is the 2nd African American justice to offer on the can be fried Court the the unified States. He to be controversially appointed in 1991 and leans conservative.

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Who Is Clarence Thomas?

Clarence thomas was born in Georgia, ultimately went ~ above to attend Yale legislation School. He later served in various short articles under the managements of presidents Ronald Reagan and also George H.W. Bush. The retirement of can be fried Court justice Thurgood Marshall led shrub to nominate thomas as the judge's replacement, and also he to be narrowly shown in 1991 regardless of being accused of sexual harassment through lawyer Anita Hill in public hearings. Cutting board is a staunchly conservative justice who favors tiny government when opposing more liberal benchmarks favor affirmative action and gay marriage.


Background and also Early Years

Clarence thomas was born top top June 23, 1948. He thrived up in the small African American community of pen Point, Georgia, through his enlarge sister Emma Mae and also younger brothers Myers Lee. His father disappeared beforehand in his life, and also the family separated even additional when he to be nine years old. Struggling financially, his mommy sent him and also his brother to live v her father and also stepmother in surrounding Savannah.

Education

Before he ended up being a justice, Thomas had pursued various other ambitions. His grandfather encouraged him to seek a religious life. During high school, Thomas made decision to deliver to St. John Vianney young Seminary, a first step to coming to be a Catholic priest. He i graduated in 1967 and then continued his research studies at Conception Abbey Seminary in Missouri.


The assassination of martin Luther King Jr. In 1968 confirmed to it is in a turning point for Thomas. That left the seminary after ~ overhearing a other student making funny of King's death. Moving north, thomas went to holy Cross College, in Massachusetts, wherein he learned English. That became energetic in many social causes there, including protesting the Vietnam War and campaigning for civil rights. Thomas additionally helped develop a black color student union. After college, he went to Yale University law School, whereby his views began to become much more conservative despite he also benefited native the school's affirmative action policies.


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Legal Career

Thomas returned to the southern to occupational as an assistant come Missouri Attorney general John Danforth after earning his degree. After several years as a lawyer for the farming giant Monsanto, he moved to Washington, D.C., where he at some point received numerous appointments from president Ronald Reagan. His many prominent post was as the chair the the equal Employment chance Commission (EEOC) in 1982. Another president, George H.W. Bush, gave Thomas his very first and only judgeship, nominating him to the U.S. Circuit Court the Appeals.


Controversial Nomination and Anita Hill

In 1991, President George H.W. Bush tapped cutting board to replace retiring supreme Court justice Thurgood Marshall, the an initial African American to offer on the court. The 2 men might not have actually been an ext different. Marshall was widely known as a free jurist and for his civil civil liberties work prior to taking the bench. Critics, on the various other hand, struck Thomas for his rigidly conservative views. Some likewise thought the he had too little experience together a judge. During his confirmation hearings, Thomas remained quiet on several crucial issues, consisting of abortion rights. 


One of the most notorious moments in Thomas's career, which practically cost the his post, was once one the his former aides at the EEOC, Anita Hill, came forward and testified the he had actually sexually harassed her throughout the time the two operated together. She asserted that he had asked her to walk out v him, discussed pornography and made inappropriate remarks about her body. Thomas patently refuse the allegations, famously referring to the resulting hearings as, "a high-tech lynching for uppity Blacks who in any means deign to think for themselves."

While the country watched Hill's testimony with great interest, the committee decided that there was not enough evidence come prove her claims. Thomas was authorized by the Senate by a very small margin, a 52-48 vote. (The proceedings to be later depicted in the 2016 HBO film Confirmation, certification Wendell Pierce together Thomas and also Kerry Washington together Hill.)

Supreme Court Justice

Since his meeting in 1991, thomas has often sided with his other conservatives ~ above the court, particularly Justice Antonin Scalia. He has opposed decisions in donate of affirmative action, such as the 2003 ruling that continued the routine at the college of Michigan's regulation school. While he usually declines interviews, Thomas, based on his opinions and also speeches, also clearly supports the idea of a restricted federal government. He finally decided to disclose information around his life in his 2007 memoir My Grandfather's Son.


True to his conservative leanings, cutting board dissented in the supreme Court's landmark decision in June 2015 to uphold the federal taxation subsidies the the Affordable treatment Act (also known as Obamacare) and also the constitutional legal rights of gay couples to gain married. However, he did side v the for free justices the month in a judgment that claimed the state of Texas might reject a specialty patent plate featuring photo of the Confederate flag.

Personal Life

Thomas is married to Virginia Lamp. The pair adopted his grandnephew note in 1997. Thomas additionally has a son, Jamal (b. 1973), indigenous his an initial marriage come Kathy Ambush.

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When no serving ~ above the court, cutting board enjoys sports. He's apparently a fan and also supporter of the Dallas Cowboys. The is also a car and NASCAR enthusiast.

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