Brett Kavanaugh served as a referee on the D.C. Court that Appeals before being confirmed to the can be fried Court in October 2018.

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Who Is Brett Kavanaugh?

Born in Washington, D.C., in 1965, Brett Kavanaugh began his rapid ascent in the legal world following his graduation indigenous Yale regulation School in 1990. After ~ assisting special counsel Kenneth Starr's investigations right into Bill Clinton's expert and personal dealings, he joined the George W. Bush White home as counsel and staff secretary. In 2006, Kavanaugh began serving together a judge on the U.S. Court the Appeals for the district of Columbia Circuit, where he developed his conservative see by issuing opinions the favor the 2nd Amendment and religious freedom, amongst other issues. ~ above July 9, 2018, he to be nominated because that a clues on the U.S. Supreme Court by chairman Donald Trump, to replace outgoing justice Anthony Kennedy. And also on October 6, 2018, the Senate shown him come the supreme Court.


Supreme Court Nomination and Confirmation

On July 9, 2018, less than 2 weeks after associate Justice Anthony Kennedy announced he was retiring native the U.S. Supreme Court, chairman Donald trumped nominated referee Brett Kavanaugh of the Court of Appeals because that the ar of Columbia Circuit to take it his place. That made his choice after narrowing down a perform of 2 dozen candidates ready by the Federalist Society, with the other finalists claimed to it is in Judges thomas Hardiman, Raymond Kethledge and also Amy Coney Barrett.

After thanking the president, Kavanaugh claimed he would automatically get to occupational in convincing the Senate of his qualifications. "I will certainly tell every senator that ns revere the Constitution," the said. "I believe that an independent judiciary is the crown jewel the our constitutional republic. If shown by the Senate, ns will keep an open up mind in every case, and also I will constantly strive to preserve the structure of the unified States and also the American dominion of law."

Despite his pledge, Kavanaugh challenged a bruising route to confirmation, as minority Leader Chuck Schumer and Senate Democrats, still stinging from the Republican stonewalling of Barack Obama nominee Merrick Garland in 2016, want to protect against the court native tipping to the best with the departure of Kennedy's swing vote.

Following a contentious battle, Kavanaugh was shown to the supreme Court by a 50-48 vote in the Senate top top October 6, 2018, and sworn in that day. 

D.C. Court that Appeals Career and Decisions

Initially nominated by chairman George W. Bush to the U.S. Court the Appeals because that the district of Columbia Circuit in July 2003, Kavanaugh discovered the process held increase by democratic senators who accused him of being also partisan. His nomination restored three years later, he was finally shown in may 2006, and sworn in by righteousness Kennedy.

Kavanaugh created a reputation for gift a textualist and also originalist, and also supporters and critics parsed his nearly 300 opinions over 12 years to determine exactly how he would deal with some of the era's most contentious concerns as a can be fried Court justice:


While democracy attempted to framework Kavanaugh together the piece that would lastly overturn Roe v. Wade, the judge himself had tiny to to speak on the matter publicly. However, that did administer a glimpse right into his thinking in 2017 through Garza v. Hargan, in which a teenager who gotten in the U.S. Illegally asked for her release from custody to attain an abortion. As soon as Kavanaugh's effort to delay her release was overturned, he penned a dissent that slammed the judgment for skip the government's "permissible attention in donate fetal life, protecting the ideal interests that a minor, and refraining from facilitating abortion."

The 2nd Amendment

In his 2011 dissent of Heller v. District of Columbia, i m sorry upheld one ordinance the outlawed many semi-automatic rifles, Kavanaugh argued that the second Amendment defended the usage of together firearms. "Semi-automatic rifles, like semi-automatic handguns, have actually not traditionally to be banned and are in usual use by law-abiding citizens for self-defense in the home, hunting, and other lawful uses," that wrote. Noting the he to be "acutely aware" the the gun and gang violence in the nation's capital, he nevertheless pointed the end that he and also his colleagues to be obligated to "apply the Constitution and the precedents of the can be fried Court, regardless of even if it is the an outcome is one us agree v as a matter of very first principles or policy."

Religious Freedom

Of the countless lawsuits filed in the wake up of the Affordable care Act's mandate that employers provide insurance come cover purchase of contraceptives, Kavanaugh weighed in with his 2015 disagreement in priests for Life v. HHS. When conceding the the federal federal government had "a compelling attention in facilitating access to contraception because that the employees of these religious organizations," the left no doubt around his feel on the matter: "When the Government forces someone to take an action contrary come his or her sincere religious belief or else suffer a financial penalty, the federal government has substantially burdened the individual's practice of religion," he wrote.

Regulatory and also Executive Power

In a remarkable dissent from 2014's White Stallion Energy center v. EPA, which upheld the eco-friendly Protection Agency's capability to control power tree without considering costs, Kavanaugh said that any type of reasonable regulation compelled such consideration. His suggest was later on cited by justice Antonin Scalia after the supreme Court i turned down the circuit court's decision. Along those lines, in PHH v. CFPB indigenous 2017, Kavanaugh decried the decision to provide authority at the consumer Financial security Bureau to a "single unaccountable, unchecked director," suggesting that just the U.S. President possessed broad executive powers due to the government checks and balances system and his accountability to voters.

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Although he to be a member of the Kenneth Starr-led legit team that ignited the bill Clinton impeachment hearings in the so late 1990s, Kavanaugh wondered about whether the Constitution permits indictment that a sit president in a 1998 Georgetown legislation Journal article, and later said that together an undertaking would certainly not it is in in the public's finest interest. "Even the lesser burdens that a criminal investigation — consisting of preparing because that questioning by criminal investigators — are time-consuming and distracting," he wrote for the Minnesota legislation Review in 2009. "Like civil suits, criminal investigations take it the President's focus away native his or her duties to the people. And a President who is concerned about an continuous criminal examination is practically inevitably going to execute a worse job as President."

Working for Kenneth Starr

Earlier in his career, Kavanaugh found himself in the middle of a combustible political case as one assistant come Starr, the independent counsel tapped to investigate president Clinton's investments with the Whitewater advancement Corporation, prior to the emphasis turned come the president's illicit connections with intern Monica Lewinsky. Kavanaugh led the investigation into the suicide of deputy White residence counsel Vincent Foster, at one allude appearing before the can be fried Court in an not successful attempt to acquire the note of among Foster's lawyers.