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As command in chief, shrub launched successful armed forces operations in Panama and Iraq and steered the United states through the finish of the Cold War. His domestic achievements were spotty, however, and also with the economy floundering, he lost his bid for re-election to Democrat invoice Clinton. Widely thought about a pragmatist, shrub came from among the most significant political family members in the country. His father to be a U.S. Senator from Connecticut, and his oldest son, George W. Bush, offered as the 43rd U.S. President. One more son, Jeb, was a two-term governor of Florida.
President George W. Bush talking with his father, previous President George H.W. Bush, while sitting at his desk in the Oval Office of the White house for the very first time on Inauguration Day.
(Credit: Mai/Mai/The LIFE images Collection/Getty Images)
Like much of the world, President shrub was caught off guard when Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein invaded oil-rich Kuwait in august 1990. Nonetheless, he quickly sprung into action, criticizing Hussein’s “naked plot of aggression,” to compare him come Adolf Hitler and eventually win congressional support for a armed forces response. With the help of worldwide contacts gleaned during many years of government service, shrub also accumulated a coalition of allies. Even the Soviet Union join the United claims in condemning the invasion, as did many Arab countries. Bush, a decorated people War II veteran, referred to as the crisis a possibility to build “a new world order, where the preeminence of law, not the regulation of the jungle, governs the conduct of nations.”
Once a United nations deadline because that Hussein’s withdrawal expired in mid-January 1991, U.S.-led coalition forces began an aerial bombardment the Iraqi targets. This, in addition to a 100-hour floor offensive, journey Hussein’s troops out of Kuwait, though not before they set fire to numerous oil wells. Fewer 보다 400 U.S. Soldiers passed away in the Persian Gulf War, compared with an approximated tens of countless Iraqis, and also Bush’s approval rating soared in that aftermath. He likewise had success through a December 1989 invasion of Panama, in i beg your pardon dictator Manuel Noriega, a former U.S. Ally, was seized and brought to Miami to challenge drug-trafficking charges.
Domestically, on the other hand, bush struggled with a Democratic-controlled Congress and a soaring nationwide debt. “We have more will 보다 wallet,” he identified in his inaugural address. Together a result, he embraced only a minimal agenda, including support for ar organizations that choose “a thousand points that light…are spread like stars throughout the nation, law good.” amongst the bills to pass through his backing contained the Americans through Disabilities Act, one anti-discrimination measure, and the Clean Air act Amendments the 1990, which addressed ozone-depleting and also acid rain-causing pollutants. Bush also supported a bailout that the scandal-wracked savings-and-loan industry.
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Despite his one-time popularity, Bush’s poll numbers began to plummet in the lead-up come the 1992 presidential election. The economy had slowed, Hurricane Andrew had left part 250,000 human being homeless in Florida and inner-city violence had actually reached historic highs. Moreover, he damaged a campaign promise no to raise taxes—"Read mine lips: no new taxes,” he had actually declared—as part of a budget plan compromise through congressional Democrats. The November, shrub received only 37.5 percent the the famous vote (168 electoral votes), compared with 43 percent (370 electoral votes) because that Arkansas branch Bill Clinton and also 19 percent (0 electoral votes) because that third-party upstart Ross Perot. Adhering to his loss he returned to Houston, wherein his politics career had actually started earlier in the 1960s, and largely disappeared from the spotlight. Yet he stayed in an excellent health through his 80s, taking occasional birthday skydiving trips and also teaming up with Clinton to raise money for victims that the 2004 Indian ocean tsunami and Hurricane Katrina.