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The Ten Commandments space a list of religious precepts that, follow to i in Exodus and also Deuteronomy, were divinely revealed to Moses through Yahweh and engraved top top two rock tablets. Lock are also called the Decalogue.

The Ten Commandments establish rules the worship and forbid action such together murder, theft, and adultery. They reflect a morality typical to the old Middle East.

The year the Ten Commandments were composed is unknown. Scholars have proposed a wide range of dates on the basis of different interpretations the the commandments’ origin, from between the 16th and also 13th century BCE come after 750 BCE. Those interpretations include concerning the commandments as precepts offered to Moses, together a prophetic text, or as a an introduction of legal and priestly tradition.

The number is numbered of the Ten Commandments different in different spiritual traditions. In Talmudic Judaism, the “prologue” is the first commandment, or utterance, and the prohibitions versus false gods and also idols are the second. Medieval Roman heritage regards these elements as one and splits the commandment forbidding coveting another’s wife and also another’s property right into two. Greek Orthodox heritage regards the prologue and prohibition against false gods together the very first commandment and the prohibition versus idols together the second.

Ten Commandments, also called Decalogue (Greek: deka logoi <“10 words”>), perform of spiritual precepts that, according to miscellaneous passages in Exodus and Deuteronomy, to be divinely revealed come Moses on mountain Sinai and were engraved ~ above two tablets of stone. The Commandments are taped virtually identically in Exodus 20:2–17 and Deuteronomy 5:6–21. The rendering in Exodus (New Revised traditional Version) appears as follows:

I to be the Lord your God, who brought you the end of the land of Egypt, out of the home of slavery; girlfriend shall have actually no other gods before me.

You shall no make for yourself an idol, even if it is in the type of anything that is in heaven above, or that is ~ above the planet beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. Girlfriend shall not bow down to lock or praise them; for i the Lord her God to be a jealousy God, punishing youngsters for the iniquity of parents, to the third and the 4th generation the those who refuse me, yet showing steadfast love come the thousandth generation that those who love me and also keep my commandments.

You shall no make wrongful usage of the name of the Lord her God, because that the Lord will not acquit anyone that misuses his name.

Remember the sabbath day, and also keep it holy. 6 days friend shall labor and do all her work. Yet the saturday day is a sabbath to the Lord your God; friend shall not do any type of work—you, your kid or your daughter, your male or female slave, her livestock, or the extraterrestrial resident in your towns. Because that in six days the lord made heaven and also earth, the sea, and all that is in them, yet rested the saturday day; thus the mr blessed the sabbath day and consecrated it.

Honor her father and your mother, so that your days may be long in the land that the Lord her God is giving you.

You shall no murder.

You shall not commit adultery.

You shall no steal.

You shall not bear false witness versus your neighbor.

You shall no covet her neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or masculine or woman slave, or ox, or donkey, or anything that belongs to her neighbor.

Traditions different in number is numbered the Ten Commandments. In Judaism the prologue (“I to be the Lord her God, who lugged you out of the soil of Egypt, out of the house of slavery”) constitutes the an initial element and also the prohibitions against false gods and also idols the second. Middle ages Roman tradition, welcomed by boy name Luther, regards every these facets as one and also preserves the number 10 through separating the prohibitions versus coveting another’s wife and coveting another’s possessions. In the Greek Orthodox and also Protestant Reformed traditions, the prologue and the prohibition against false gods are one commandment and also the prohibition versus idols is the second.


Dating the Ten Commandments entails an interpretation of your purpose. Some scholars suggest a date between the 16th and 13th century bce because Exodus and Deuteronomy connect the Ten Commandments v Moses and the Sinai Covenant between Yahweh and also Israel. Because that those who regard the Ten Commandments as an epitome of prophetic teachings, the date would be at some time after Amos and also Hosea (after 750 bce). If the Ten Commandments are just a summary of the legal and also priestly heritages of Israel, castle belong to an even later period.

The Ten Commandments contain little that was brand-new to the ancient world and also reflect a morality usual to the old Middle East. They space a description of the conditions accepted by the neighborhood of Israel in its partnership to Yahweh. The differences found in Exodus and Deuteronomy show that the process of infection from generation to generation carried with that modifications.

The Ten Commandments had actually no particular importance in Christian legacy until the 13th century, as soon as they were integrated into a manual of instruction because that those coming to confess your sins. With the increase of good news churches, new manuals of accuse in the faith were made accessible and the Ten Commandments were incorporated into catechisms as a an essential part of religious training, especially of the young.

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The editor of Encyclopaedia glossesweb.comThis write-up was most recently revised and also updated by Brian Duignan.