(glossesweb.com) - chairman Donald Trump and also some Republican allies have actually repeatedly asserted, without evidence, that a rise in mail-in voting amid the coronavirus pandemic will certainly lead to huge fraud in November’s election.

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FILE PHOTO: document PHOTO: A worker inspects a went back ballot for concerns at the Thurston ar Ballot Processing facility in Tumwater, Washington, U.S. July 23, 2020. Picture taken July 23, 2020. glossesweb.com/Lindsey Wasson/File Photo
Experts say election fraud is vanishingly rarely in the united States, however, where virtually one in 4 voters already cast a mail-in or absentee ballot in 2016. Below is a look in ~ the security procedures states have in place to ensure ballot integrity.

HOW rarely IS VOTER FRAUD?

Many researcher have focused on impersonation fraud, in i beg your pardon a voter pretends to be someone else at the polls, since such insurance claims have been provided by says to justify stricter voter id laws.

Justin Levitt, a law professor at Loyola legislation School that tracks together cases, figured out only 31 impersonation incidents in between 2000 and also 2014 across the country, the end of much more than 1 billion ballots cast.


Five says - Colorado, Hawaii, Oregon, Utah and also Washington - host their elections mostly by mail and have documented practically no cases of cheating. Oregon, because that instance, has sent out an ext than 100 million letter ballots since 2000 and reported roughly a dozen instances of proven fraud.

HOW for sure IS MAIL-IN VOTING?

There are multiple class of security in location for mail-in ballots, which are likewise known together “absentee” ballots in countless states.

All 50 states and also the district of Columbia require a voter to sign a explain or affidavit once voting through mail, and also some additionally require an individual information such as birth dates, addresses and driver’s license numbers. The signature have the right to then be compared with the voter’s signature ~ above file, typically from a voter it is registered form.


Eight states additionally require a witness signature, while 3 states require notarization, follow to the national Conference of State Legislatures (NCSL). Alabama has actually perhaps the strictest rules, directing voters to submit duplicates of their IDs and signatures from either a notary or 2 witnesses.

The return envelopes are generally opened by a different group of employees from those that scan the ballots. Outside observers, frequently appointed through a political party or campaign, are enabled to monitor post-election procedures, such together ballot counting. All however four states - phibìc Carolina, Kansas, Maine and also Florida - explicitly permit partisan observers to watch part post-election processes, according to the NCSL.

In addition, ballots differ widely in illustration - not simply from state to state but likewise from county to county and also even from city to town, since most voters are not simply making a choice for U.S. Chairman but also for neighborhood offices. Any type of ballot the does not match the proper type will it is in rejected by election officials.

Many jurisdictions usage bar password on ballot envelopes that have the right to be supplied to assist with ballot processing, according to the Brennan center for justice at brand-new York University, a public policy institute. The bar codes also allow voters to track your ballots to ensure they have actually been received.


WHAT around VOTING TWICE?

Trump led to a stir last week once he motivated his supporters in phibìc Carolina, a key battleground state, to vote by mail and also then present up on election Day come cast another ballot in person. Voting twice in the same election is a crime in the joined States.

Like other forms of voter fraud, double voting appears to it is in exceptionally rare, according to lot of studies.

Election officials garbage 8,247 absentee ballots in the 2016 presidential election due to the fact that the voter had likewise cast a ballot in person, follow to figures built up by the U.S. Election aid Commission, although the vast bulk appear not to have actually been intended attempts at fraud.


All states have measures in ar to prevent voters from casting two ballots, professionals say.

In phibìc Carolina, for instance, digital poll publications track that has currently voted. On election Day at 6:30 a.m., all voter whose absentee ballots have already arrived are removed from the poll books, and also any who attempt to vote in human being will not be allowed to execute so, follow to a statement the election officials released following Trump’s comments.

Any absentee ballots received on election Day space not counted till after the polls close, to ensure no twin voting, public official said.

Pennsylvania and also Florida, also vital battlegrounds, have comparable electronic systems that tell poll employees whether a voter has requested a mail ballot, and whether the ballot has currently been received.

“With modern-day technology, we understand within 6 seconds as soon as our databases space updated,” said mark Earley, at sight of elections in Leon County, Florida.

Earley claimed his office witnessed a handful of attempted “double votes” each election - typically from elderly voter who have forgotten they actors mail ballots.

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Reporting through Andy Sullivan and Joseph Ax; additional reporting by Michael Martina; editing and enhancing by Soyoung Kim and also Peter Cooney


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