Abnormally high testosterone level can cause problems for both males and also females. Testosterone is a male sex hormone, but females likewise produce tiny amounts the it.

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In males, testosterone’s functions include the regulation the libido, bone mass, and muscle mass, and the production of sperm. In females, testosterone assists in the growth and also maintenance of mrs reproductive tissue and bone mass.

Normal amounts of testosterone are essential for health. However, too much can reason several issues, including difficulties with fertility and an raised risk that certain species of cancer.

In this article, we discuss the indicators of high testosterone in males and females. We additionally list potential causes and also treatment options.


Signs of high testosterone in males

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Share ~ above PinterestAcne is a usual sign of high testosterone.
A 2017 research involving an ext than 9,000 males living in Europe and the united States uncovered that the normal full testosterone variety for males aged 19–39 year is 264–916 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dl). Levels higher than this room abnormally high.

Men with very high testosterone levels might experience:

aggressive or risk-taking behaviorsexcessive human body hairheart or liver problemshigh sex journey (libido)increased appetitemood swingsprostate enlargement, which may cause challenge passing urineswelling that the legs and feetunexplained load gain
Causes in males

It is unusual for high baseline testosterone level in males to happen naturally. Often, abnormally high testosterone levels in males an outcome from anabolic steroid use. Athletes and bodybuilders occasionally use these drugs to boost athletic performance and build muscle mass.

Supplementation with testosterone, even if it is a person has a prescription or obtains that illegally, can also increase testosterone levels.

Other reasons of high testosterone level in males incorporate tumors in the adrenal glands or testicles. Sex hormone-producing adrenal tumors space rare, affect 2 out of every 1 million people. They may be noncancerous (benign) or cancerous.


Signs that high testosterone in females

According to the Centers for disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the normal complete testosterone selection for adult females is 8.37–48.8 ng/dl. Results above this suggest abnormally high testosterone levels.

High testosterone in females can cause:

acnedarkened, thickened skindeepening the the voiceenlarged clitorisexcess facial and body hair boosted muscle massinfertility ns of libidoreduction in breast sizethinning hairweight gain
Causes in females

Similarly come males, females may experience high testosterone levels together a an outcome of anabolic steroid use or tumors that the adrenal glands or ovaries.

However, abnormally high testosterone in females generally results native a clinical condition, such as:

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is just one of the many common reasons of high testosterone in females. PCOS affects approximately 20% of every females the reproductive age.

Signs and symptoms include irregular expression periods, lack of ovulation, excess hair on the body, and cysts ~ above the ovaries. Doctors carry out not know the exact reason of PCOS.

Possible irreversible complications that PCOS incorporate infertility, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and also heart disease. Note treatment deserve to reduce the risk of complications.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a group of rare genetic disorders that influence the adrenal glands. Those v CAH absence one the the enzymes crucial to manage the manufacturing of certain hormones, which have the right to lead to the overproduction that testosterone.

CAH may be gentle (nonclassic) or significant (classic). There is no cure because that this condition, yet treatment deserve to reduce symptoms and also improve top quality of life.


Doctors commonly use the adhering to procedures to diagnose high testosterone in males and also females:

A physical examination

A doctor may check for signs and also symptoms of high testosterone, including excessive body hair, acne, and also increased muscle mass. They will additionally ask about a who libido and also mood.

If relevant, the doctor might enquire about the person’s menstrual cycle.

Blood tests

A doctor may order blood test to check the person’s testosterone hormone levels. They may likewise check the level of glucose and also cholesterol, together these are generally raised in human being with high testosterone.

As testosterone secretion is frequently highest in the beforehand morning hours, the medical professional will often draw blood for the exam in the morning.

Ultrasound

A physician may check for PCOS by acquisition an ultrasound the the ovaries and also uterus.


The form of treatment for high testosterone will rely on the underlying cause of the imbalance. Most people will need a mix of way of life changes and medication.

Stopping steroid or supplementation use

Where excessive testosterone levels an outcome from anabolic steroid use or testosterone supplementation, ceasing the use of this substances will certainly usually fix the issue.

In one study, 88.4% the the male participants taking testosterone supplements did not develop sperm. However, 6 month after preventing the usage of the supplements, 65% of these individuals started to develop sperm again.

Treatment because that tumors or cancer

If cancer or tumor development contributes to high testosterone levels, treating the difficulty should help reduce testosterone levels.

Surgery will typically be essential to eliminate tumors. In cases of cancer, various other treatments, such together chemotherapy or radiation therapy, may likewise be necessary.

Medication

Medication options for high testosterone include:

eflornithine (Vaniqa), a topically applied cream that slows down facial hair growthmetformin, a kind 2 diabetes drug that may help fertility in those with PCOSoral contraceptives, because that females who room not proactively trying come conceiveprogestin, which may regulate durations and assist fertilityspironolactone (Aldactone), a diuretic the regulates the body’s levels of salt and water and reduces female hair growth

Lifestyle changes and home remedies can help manage the symptom of high testosterone. In part cases, they can reduce testosterone levels.

Weight management

It is crucial to achieve and keep a middle body load to aid hormonal balance. In human being with PCOS, for example, a modest load loss of even 5–10% of human body weight have the right to improve symptoms and also reduce testosterone levels.

Dietary changes

A 2015 study proved that a short starch, short dairy diet aided reduce testosterone level in females with PCOS after ~ 8 weeks. It also improved insulin sensitivity. Insulin resistance is a complication the PCOS.

See more: How Much Fat Is In String Cheese Mozzarella, String Cheese

Hair remove treatments

Several home remedies or skilled treatments can remove excessive facial and also body hair. Options include:

pluckingshavingwaxingchemical depilatories

Bleaching the hair is another option. It will certainly not eliminate the hair, however it have the right to make it less visible.

For an ext long-lasting results, a human being may great to consider electrolysis or laser hair removal.