When the United countries recently announced a $286 million budget plan cut, a number of eye-catching headlines created confusion as to why this occurred. Making matters worse, couple of observers can easily describe how the U.N.’s main point organizational budget relates to the larger household of U.N. Organizations—like the civilization Food Program and also the department of Peacekeeping Operations—or exactly how it stacks up alongside other major multilaterals prefer the people Bank and also the an international Fund come Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and also Malaria. To help inform together assessments, our new policy brief, “Who funds which multilateral organizations?” presents a picture of exactly how all countries, to add the bill & Melinda entrances Foundation, have actually recently allocated funding across 53 distinct multilateral institutions (see box 1 in ~ bottom for the perform of organizations).
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Director - facility for Sustainable Development
Senior other - global Economy and Development
Senior study Associate of policy Planning - UN Foundation
Here we define some key results, with a emphasis on just how much each nation contributes, how necessary each funder is to each organization, and also how funding allocations compare to objective benchmarks prefer share that donor nation income, re-publishing of world income, and also share of world population.
How lot do countries contribute?
The 53 multilaterals in our sample received about $63 billion every year in estimated direct, recurrent grant capital during the 2014-2016 period. Number 1 shows the ingredient of these resources by funder. In absolute terms, the U.S. Is the largest in its entirety funder at $14.1 billion every year, giving 22 percent of the sample’s resources. The U.K. Is the second-largest funder in ~ $7.6 billion (12 percent), complied with by Japan in ~ $5.4 billion (9 percent) and also Germany in ~ $4.4 billion (7 percent). This four nations contribute around 50 percent that the full funding, and the peak 32 funders account for 95 percent. Notably, the invoice & Melinda Gates foundation is the 17th biggest funder and also provides an ext than $880 million every year.
Figure 1: median total yearly contributions to 53 multilaterals, 2014-16 (est.)
The funding photo looks quite different when translated into per capita terms, together in figure 2. The graph shows that Norway contributes by far the most per person to the multilateral system, in ~ $399 per year, followed by Sweden at $229 and Denmark at $160. Amongst the peak three absolute funders in number 1, the U.S. Ranking 20th overall in per capita terms at $44, the U.K., is eighth at $116, and Japan is 21st in ~ $42. (Note that some smaller sized funders through sizeable per capita contributions are not included in the figure).
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Figure 2: average per capita annual contributions to 53 multilaterals, 2014-16 (est.)
How important is each funder to each organization?
We next take into consideration each funder’s relative importance to each organization. Number 3 maps the re-superstructure of each multilateral’s straight funding detailed by each contributor, with a emphasis on the 23 largest establishments representing 90 percent that the sample’s funding. Upright columns amount to 100 percent from top to bottom, v darker shades of green indicating bigger shares of organizational funding. The largest recipient is the people Bank’s International development Association (IDA), through an average of $8.6 billion every year, complied with by the U.N.’s room of Peacekeeping to work (DPKO), at $8.4 billion.