NASA spends between $3 and $4 billion annually to run the ISS, consisting of payments for transportation of crew and also cargo
*, November 15. The US national Aeronautics and room Administration (NASA) has purchased $3.9-billion precious of seat from Russia to carry its astronauts to and from the International room Station (ISS) due to the fact that July 2011, states NASA Inspector basic Paul Martin’s report released on NASA official website top top Thursday.

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"Over the past two decades, 85 flights have transported 239 astronauts come the International room Station (ISS or Station) on one of two people a NASA room Shuttle or a Roscosmos State coporation, group for space Activities (Roscosmos) Soyuz vehicle. However, due to the fact that the end of the room Shuttle regimen in 2011, the Soyuz has actually served as the sole method of transporting astronauts to and from the ISS. As of July 2019, NASA had actually purchased 70 Soyuz seats worth $3.9 exchange rate to ferry 70 U.S. And also partner astronauts to and also from the Station," the report reads.

Martin noted that "NASA spends in between $3 and $4 billion yearly to run the ISS, consisting of payments for transportation of crew and also cargo." "Overall, NASA payment an average expense per seat of $55.4 million because that the 70 completed and also planned goals from 2006 with 2020 with prices ranging from roughly $21.3 million to $86 million because that each round trip," the inspector basic stressed.

He also underlined the "after 2017 as soon as the CCP (Commercial Crew regime - home builders were initially scheduled to begin crewed missions, NASA has actually used or contracted for 12 additional Soyuz seats at a expense of around $1 billion, or an typical of $79.7 million per seat."

Seeking Russia’s help again?

According to Martin, early to many occasions that Boeing and also SpaceX failing to meet deadlines on emerging the CCP "final vehicle certification for both building contractors will most likely be delayed at least until summer 2020 based on the number of ISS and also CCP certification requirements that remain to be verified and validated," the underlined, adding that "while awaiting the begin of advertisement crew flights, NASA will most likely experience a reduction in the number of USOS crew aboard the ISS from three to one beginning in spring 2020 given schedule delays in the development of Boeing and also SpaceX room flight systems coupled with a reduction in the frequency of Soyuz flights."

In irradiate of this, Martin recommends "purchasing extr Soyuz seats and also extending the goals of USOS (United claims On-Orbit Segment - crewmembers" to deal with the potential crew reduction.

He advises NASA monitoring to make initiative in bespeak to guide the us Congress to pay Russia. "In stimulate to boost the efficiency and also effectiveness the CCP, initiate inner processes and also coordinate through congressional and also other stakeholders to acquire an extension of the legit waiver to salary Russia because that Soyuz seats." "We detailed a breeze of this report come NASA management who concurred with every one of our recommendations," young name notes.

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NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine yielded a decided at a press conference as component of the 70th international Astronautical conference in Washington top top October 21, announcing the NASA walk not desire to allow a case when united state astronauts space not staffing the ISS.